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Gateways and Pathways Project (GAPP) 1997-2000, St. Louis, Missouri (ICPSR 22747)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Gateways and Pathways Project (GAPP) extended the Youth Services Project (YSP) by examining the characteristics, training, resource connectivity, views, treatment, and referral practices of those service providers who were named by the YSP youths as having helped them. The GAPP study collected data from the youths' providers. The GAPP includes surveys of youth providers and the administrators of organizations which employ these providers. These surveys were used to measure respondent background, knowledge of the service system, the extent of referrals to and from services in the region, the degree of coordination involved in caring for youths with mental health problems, and perceived barriers to quality care. This study provides the first opportunity to test an extensive model of pathways to service use from both provider and client perspectives. This study characterizes differences in the perception of need and knowledge of services between gateway providers who link mentally ill youth to mental health services and those who do not, differences in the availability, accessibility, affordability, acceptability, and to the structural characteristics of mental health services that explain providers' actions in linking youths to mental health services, and differences in the organizational structure (support, flexibility, resources) of gateway providers that explain providers' actions in linking youths to services.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Provider - Download All Files (15.6 MB)
DS2:  Administrator - Download All Files (44.3 MB)
DS4:  Provider, Administrator, and Youth - Download All Files (62.6 MB)
DS5:  Provider and Administrator - Download All Files (56.6 MB)
DS6:  Provider and Youth - Download All Files (21.9 MB)

Study Description


Stiffman, Arlene. Gateways and Pathways Project (GAPP) 1997-2000, St. Louis, Missouri. ICPSR22747-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-11-17. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22747.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (5 R24 MH 56425)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   administrative records, administrators, adolescents, behavioral disorders, case management, counseling services, education, emotional disorders, health care access, health care costs, human behavior, human services, mental disorders, mental health services, psychiatric services, service providers, social services, substance abuse treatment, symptoms, treatment programs, young adults, youths at risk

Smallest Geographic Unit:   other

Geographic Coverage:   Missouri, St. Louis, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1997--2000

Date of Collection:  

  • 1997-04--2000-03

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Providers, youth service providers, and their administrators in St. Louis, Missouri.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

ICPSR created a unique sequential record identifier variable named CASEID for use with online analysis.

The variables A4OFF1, B2OFF1, B2OFF2, B2OFF3, B2OFF4, B8OFF1, B8OFF2, B11FOFF3, B11CWK, B11DOFF6, B11JJK, B11EOFF5, B11EOFF6, B11EDK, B11FOFF5, B11FOFF6, B11PHK, INSRVTRN, C1AOFF1, C1AOFF2, C3OFF1, C3OFF2, C5OFF1, C5OFF2, C7AOFF1, C7AOFF2, C8OFF1, D1COFF1, D1COFF2, I, H, A5AMHD1, AD10OFF2, A14AOFF1, A14AOFF2, A14AOFF3, E5OFF1, E5OFF2, E7SX1D, E10OFF1, E10OFF2, F3AOFF2, F9AOFF1, and F9AOFF2 contain unknown codes.

Although a dataset combined of all three parts (provider, administrator, and youth), was provided by the principal investigator, a newly merged dataset of the three parts was created by the data processor and used in order to avoid complications with missing variables.

The variables A7TYPE, A7TYPE1, A7TYPE2, A7TYPE3, A7SUM, A9TYPE, PROFTRN, A7SUM1, A7SUM2, A7SUM3, A7SUM4, A7SUM5, A7SUM6, A7SUM7, A7SUM8, A91, A92, A93, and C1AOTH were temporary variables and were removed from the provider dataset based on the advice of the principal investigator.


Sample:   Snowball. The youth's service providers who were named by the YSP youth as having helped them.

Mode of Data Collection:   computer-assisted self interview (CASI), face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire, mixed mode, self-enumerated questionnaire, telephone interview

Response Rates:   In the last 6 months, 282 youth reported they had received some services describing 533 different providers. Sixty-one percent (or 222) of the providers for whom the investigators were able to verify addresses (364) returned their surveys. About 50 percent of these providers were associated with the education sector, 13 percent with child welfare, 13 percent with primary health, 10 percent with juvenile justice, and 10 percent with mental health.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  



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