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Third-Wave 1994 Survey of a Representative Sample of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States in 1964 and Re-Interviewed in 1974, and Second-Wave Survey of Their Wives First Interviewed in 1974 (ICPSR 22413)

Principal Investigator(s): Schooler, Carmi, National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health


This data collection investigates the relationship between men's and women's work and personalities, and provides information regarding work and leisure time activities, cognitive functioning, and orientation toward self and others. Work-related variables describe the place and conditions of employment including the degree of supervision, placement within the workplace hierarchy, and the complexity of work with people, data, and things. Respondents also were questioned regarding job satisfaction, expectations for the future, job security, and union membership and activities. Additionally, respondents provided a complete work history for all jobs held for six months or more. Respondents also were questioned regarding social orientation and self-concept. To measure social orientation, respondents were asked to state the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with statements indicating authoritarian or nonauthoritarian tendencies, different criteria of morality and amorality, trustfulness and distrustfulness, and statements indicating receptivity or resistance to change. Self-concept was examined with questions concerning self-confidence, self-deprecation, anxiety, fatalism/mastery, and the degree to which respondents believe their ideas conform to those of others. Respondents also were asked to select the values they most and least desired for themselves. Background information collected for respondents and their families in this series of interviews includes household composition, metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area of residence, marital status and duration of marriage, education, ethnicity, religion, country of birth and year of immigration, wife's age and employment status, grandparents' occupations, and parents' country of birth, occupation, education, and age when the respondent was born. New sections introduced in this interview wave focused on health and financial status, and modes of coping in these areas.

Series: Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Schooler, Carmi. Third-Wave 1994 Survey of a Representative Sample of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States in 1964 and Re-Interviewed in 1974, and Second-Wave Survey of Their Wives First Interviewed in 1974. ICPSR22413-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-12-18. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22413.v1

Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22413.v1


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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   family relations, family work relationship, health care, health problems, job stress, occupational safety and health, occupational status, personality, work environment, workers compensation insurance

Smallest Geographic Unit:   state

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1974--1994

Date of Collection:  

  • 1974--1994

Unit of Observation:   household, individual

Universe:   Representative 1994 sample of men between 46 and 85 years of age who had been working in 1964 in civilian occupations, and their wives.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This data collection was produced by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, Section on Socio-Environmental Studies, Bethesda, MD, 1994.


Sample:   Area probability sample. A complete sampling description of the original 1964 sampling can be found in Sudman and Feldman (1965), which is available from the National Opinion Research Center.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  



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