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Zambia Democratic Governance Project Political Attitudes Survey, 1993 and 1996 (ICPSR 2232)

Principal Investigator(s): Bratton, Michael, Michigan State University. Department of Political Science


This survey was designed to examine the determinants of political participation in a developing democracy. The study, conducted in Zambia, was administered in 1993 and 1996. Topics covered in both years include political attitudes and interest at the local and national levels, and degree of political knowledge. Questions were asked about the frequency of discussing political matters, whether the respondent had attended a training session on the topic of citizen rights, satisfaction with work, finances, health, and life, and what role chiefs and headmen should play in governing Zambia today. Additional questions in 1993 asked if crime was a major problem and in what ways crime had affected the respondent's life. Additional questions in 1996 asked if during the last five years the respondent had contacted a chief or headman, a member of Parliament, or some other influential person, if the respondent was satisfied with the general state of the Zambian economy, and how much leisure time the respondent had in an average day. Demographic variables provided for respondents include age, gender, education, tribe affiliation, language, employment status, occupation, personal and family income, marital status, and number of children.

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DS1:  1993 Data - Download All Files (0.634 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  1996 Data - Download All Files (1.232 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Bratton, Michael. Zambia Democratic Governance Project Political Attitudes Survey, 1993 and 1996. ICPSR02232-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1998. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02232.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02232.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Agency for International Development. Zambia Mission (623-0226-A-00-3024-0)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, crime, democracy, economic conditions, government, life satisfaction, national economy, political issues, political participation

Geographic Coverage:    Zambia, Global

Universe:    Eligible Zambian voters as of the date the survey was administered.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Stratified random quota sample.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1998-04-06

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