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Museum Program Survey, 1979: [United States] (ICPSR 2229)

Principal Investigator(s):


For this survey, a sample of 1,373 nonprofit museums in 50 states and the District of Columbia was drawn from a universe of museums developed in a 1978 National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Museum Universe Study. The sample was stratified by type, control, and size (as defined by operating expenditures). The purpose of the survey was to estimate the characteristics and educational role of the nonprofit museum universe. For the purpose of this survey, a museum was defined as an institution organized on a permanent basis for essentially educational or aesthetic purposes, which utilizes a staff, owns or uses tangible objects whether animate or inanimate, cares for these objects, and exhibits them to the public on a regular basis.

Access Notes

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Museum Program Survey, 1979 [United States] - Download All Files (7.5 MB)

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. MUSEUM PROGRAM SURVEY, 1979: [UNITED STATES]. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics [producer], 1979. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02229.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arts, education, leisure, museums, recreation

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Date of Collection:  

  • 1979

Universe:   4,580 nonprofit museums in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:   In the course of the survey, 49 duplicates were detected in the universe and the original universe size of 4,629 was appropriately adjusted (4,580). Additionally, it was determined that 21 sampled museums were not yet open, 3 were permanently closed, and 5 did not meet the definition of a museum. The museums in these last three categories are estimated to comprise approximately 172 museums in the universe. Thus, 4,408 nonprofit museums were estimated to be open to the public. Sampled museums with response codes 5, 8, and 10 weight up to 4,408, and are the museum records that should be selected for analysis from the file.

Data Source:

mailback questionnaires

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Related Publications ?

    Price, Lewis C.,  DiRocco, Lisa,  Lewis, Janice D. Museum Program Survey 1979. NCES 81-204, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.
    Export Options: RIS/EndNote



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