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Afrobarometer Round 3: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Tanzania, 2005 (ICPSR 22212)

Principal Investigator(s): Katera, Lucas, Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA); Bratton, Michael, Michigan State University; Gyimah-Boadi, E., Ghana Center for Democratic Development; Mattes, Robert, University of Cape Town


The Afrobarometer project was designed to assess attitudes toward democracy, governance, economic reform, quality of life, and civil society in several Sub-Saharan African nations, and to track the evolution of such attitudes in those nations over time. This particular survey was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of Tanzania. Respondents in a face-to-face interview were asked to rate Tanzania's President Benjamin William Mkapa and his administration's overall performance, to state the most important issues facing the nation, and to evaluate the effectiveness of certain continental and international institutions. Opinions were gathered on the role of the government in improving the economy, whether corruption existed in local and national government, whether government officials were responsive to problems of the general population, and whether local government officials, the police, the courts, the overall criminal justice system, the media, the National Electoral Commission, and the government broadcasting service could be trusted. Respondents were polled on their knowledge of government officials, their level of personal involvement in political, governmental, and community affairs, their participation in national elections, the inclusiveness of the government, and the identification of causes of conflict and resources that may aid in the resolution of conflict. Economic questions addressed the past, present, and future of the country's and the respondent's economic condition, and whether great income disparities are fair. Societal questions were asked of respondents concerning the meaning of being "poor" and "rich," monetary support systems, personal responsibility for success or failure, characteristics used in self-identification, methods for securing food, water, schooling, medical services, news and information, and ease of obtaining assistance for certain services. Background variables include age, gender, ethnicity, education, religious affiliation and participation, political party affiliation, language spoken most at home, whether respondent was head of household, current and past employment status, whether a close friend or relative had died from AIDS, language used in the interview, and type of physical disability, if any. In addition, demographic information pertaining to the interviewer is provided, as well as their response to the interview, observations of the respondent's attitude during the interview and of the interview environment.

Series: Afrobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Katera, Lucas, Michael Bratton, E. Gyimah-Boadi, and Robert Mattes. Afrobarometer Round 3: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Tanzania, 2005. ICPSR22212-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-10-17. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22212.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22212.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Agency for International Development (RLA-G-00-04-00062-00 (USAID))
  • Department for International Development (United Kingdom)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    democracy, economic conditions, government, government performance, information sources, markets, Mkapa, Benjamin William, national interests, political attitudes, political change, political corruption, political participation, political systems, presidential performances, public confidence, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, standard of living, trust in government

Smallest Geographic Unit:    county

Geographic Coverage:    Africa, Global, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania

Time Period:   

  • 2005-07-21--2005-08-13

Date of Collection:   

  • 2005-07-21--2005-08-13

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    All adult citizens of Tanzania.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

To preserve respondent confidentiality, the variable DISTRICT has been recoded to "BLANKED" and variable Q1 has been top coded at 80 in the public use version of this collection.

In producing the full product suite of files, variables DATEINTR, STRTIME, and ENDTIME have been changed from date to string variables. As a result, they have moved from their original positions in the data file to the end of the variable list.

In this collection, many variables have response categories with longer value labels in the codebook, as compared to those found in the data. Please refer to the codebook for full value labels. Also, some variable and value labels in the codebook do not fully correspond to those found in the data.

Additional information about the Afrobarometer Survey can be found at the Afrobarometer Web site.


Sample:    The sample is designed as a representative cross-section of all citizens of voting age in a given country. The goal is to give every adult citizen an equal and known chance of selection for interview. This objective is reached by (a) strictly applying random selection methods at every stage of sampling and by (b) applying sampling with probability proportionate to population size wherever possible. A randomly selected sample of 1,200 cases allows inferences to national adult populations with a margin of sampling error of no more than plus or minus 2.5 percent with a confidence level of 95 percent. If the sample size is increased to 2,400, the confidence interval shrinks to plus or minus 2 percent. For more information in regard to sampling, please refer to the "Sampling" section of the ICPSR codebook.

Weight:    Weighting variable, WITHINWT, adjusts the distribution of the sample to take account of an oversample in Zanzibar relative to Mainland, and to correct the urban-rural distribution. Please refer to the codebook for more information on weighting.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    Approximately 96 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, certain identifying variables are restricted from general dissemination. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement form along with other specified documents. Information on obtaining restricted-use data can be found at http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/ICPSR/access/restricted/index.html.


Original ICPSR Release:   2008-10-17

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