Child Care Licensing Study, 2005 (ICPSR 21400)

Principal Investigator(s):


The purpose of the 2005 Child Care Licensing Study was to report two aspects of child care licensing from 2005 for all 50 states and the District of Columbia: (1) state child care licensing programs and policies, and (2) child care center licensing regulations.

To collect information on states' licensing policies, including staffing, monitoring, and enforcement of licensing regulations, the National Association for Regulatory Administration (NARA) disseminated the 2005 NARA Child Care Licensing Program Survey to all state child care licensing agencies in February 2005. Responses were received from all states. The survey focuses on the processes and policies in each state related to staffing for the licensing program, monitoring facilities, and enforcement of licensing regulations. The data cover the following topic areas:

  • Number of licensed facilities
  • Complaint investigations
  • Licensing staff
  • Enforcement actions
  • Types of inspections
  • Licensing information on the Internet
  • Frequency of inspections
  • Licensing fees
  • Frequency of licensing
  • Licensing staff requirements
  • Inspections and monitoring
  • The role of licensing in quality initiatives

Data on child care center licensing regulations were compiled from the regulations posted on the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education Web site ( between January 1 and December 31, 2005. The data cover the following areas:

  • Licensing regulations
  • Additional staff training requirements
  • Definition of licensed child care centers
  • Child-staff ratios and group size
  • Staff roles and age requirements
  • Supervision of children
  • Staff qualifications and ongoing training requirements
  • Care of children
  • Facility requirements
  • Staff hiring requirements

More information on the study is located on the National Association for Regulatory Administration Web site.

Series: Child Care Licensing Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available to the general public.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  State Licensing Programs and Policies Data - Download All Files (16.3 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup    Other
Analyze Online:
DS2:  State Child Care Center Regulations Data - Download All Files (25.4 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup    Other
Analyze Online:
DS3:  State Child Care Center Staff Qualifications Data - Download All Files (15.4 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup    Other
Analyze Online:

Study Description


National Association for Regulatory Administration, and United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center. Child Care Licensing Study, 2005. ICPSR21400-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-10-13.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   child care, child health, child nutrition, facilities, licensing, state regulations

Smallest Geographic Unit:   state

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2004-01--2005-12

Date of Collection:  

  • 2005-02--2005-12

Unit of Observation:   agency

Universe:   All state child care licensing agencies in the United States.

Data Types:   administrative records data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The data in this collection has been organized in a way designed to reflect the existing structure presented in the Child Care Licensing Survey Final Report and on the NARA Web site.

Users should note that due to limitations in SAS, Stata, and SPSS, variables containing open-ended/qualitative data (>244 characters) are available in Microsoft Excel format only.

Upon conversion from the original Microsoft Access database, some formatting was not retained.

No data is available for Idaho. Idaho does not have child care licensing at the state level.


Mode of Data Collection:   mail questionnaire

Response Rates:   Responses were received from all states and the District of Columbia.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2009-10-13 User guide was added to documentation.



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