National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Monitoring of Federal Criminal Sentences, 2006 (ICPSR 20120) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This collection contains information on federal criminal cases sentenced under the Sentencing Guidelines and Policy Statements of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. The data files include all cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission that had sentencing dates between October 1, 2005, and September 30, 2006, and were assessed as constitutional. Constitutionality compares each case's sentencing date, circuit, district, and judge to provide uniformity in reporting the cases. In 1999, the United States Sentencing Commission added more variables from its databases to this collection, so the data are now provided in two files. Several variables iterate to include multiple occurrences of the same event. Part 1, Main Data, includes all noniterating variables plus the first two occurrences of each iterating variable. Over 99 percent of the valid data is captured in these two variables for most sets of iterations. Part 2, Supplementary Data, includes the remaining iterations.

Series: Monitoring of Federal Criminal Sentences Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Main Data
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  Supplemental Data
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

United States Sentencing Commission. Monitoring of Federal Criminal Sentences, 2006. ICPSR20120-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-28. doi:10.3886/ICPSR20120.v2

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   convictions (law), criminal histories, defendants, federal courts, judicial decisions, offenses, sentencing, sentencing guidelines

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2005-10-01--2006-09-30

Date of Collection:  

  • 2005--2006

Universe:   All cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission that had sentencing dates between October 1, 2005, and September 30, 2006, and were assessed as constitutional.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

Starting with the 1999 data, ICPSR archives MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL SENTENCES under a new study number for each year of data. Data for the years 1993-1998 are archived in MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL SENTENCES, 1987-1998 (ICPSR 9317).

Methodology

Data Source:

Federal Probation Sentence and Supervision Information System

presentence reports

judgments of conviction

statements of reasons

plea agreements

guideline worksheets

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.

Related Publications

Variables

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