National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Principal Investigator(s): United States Sentencing Commission
This collection contains information on federal criminal cases sentenced under the Sentencing Guidelines and Policy Statements of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. The data files include all cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission that had sentencing dates between October 1, 2005, and September 30, 2006, and were assessed as constitutional. Constitutionality compares each case's sentencing date, circuit, district, and judge to provide uniformity in reporting the cases. In 1999, the United States Sentencing Commission added more variables from its databases to this collection, so the data are now provided in two files. Several variables iterate to include multiple occurrences of the same event. Part 1, Main Data, includes all noniterating variables plus the first two occurrences of each iterating variable. Over 99 percent of the valid data is captured in these two variables for most sets of iterations. Part 2, Supplementary Data, includes the remaining iterations.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. Authentication is required to apply for access.
Access to one or more files in this study is restricted. Users interesting in obtaining these data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
United States Sentencing Commission. Monitoring of Federal Criminal Sentences, 2006. ICPSR20120-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-28. doi:10.3886/ICPSR20120.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20120.v2
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: All cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission that had sentencing dates between October 1, 2005, and September 30, 2006, and were assessed as constitutional.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
Starting with the 1999 data, ICPSR archives MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL SENTENCES under a new study number for each year of data. Data for the years 1993-1998 are archived in MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL SENTENCES, 1987-1998 (ICPSR 9317).
Federal Probation Sentence and Supervision Information System
judgments of conviction
statements of reasons
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2007-09-28
- 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
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