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United States Historical Election Returns, 1824-1968 (ICPSR 1) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This collection of historical election data contains state files that list county-level returns for over 90 percent of all elections to the offices of president, governor, United States senator, and United States representative from 1824 through 1968. The data files include returns for all parties and candidates (as well as write-in and scattering votes if available for individual states), and for special elections as well as regularly-scheduled contests. Over 1,000 individual party names and many additional unaffiliated candidates are included.

Series: United States Historical Election Returns Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download the data.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS1:  Election Returns for Connecticut, 1824-1860 - Download All Files (125 KB)
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DS2:  Election Returns for Connecticut, 1861-1904 - Download All Files (183 KB)
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DS3:  Election Returns for Connecticut, 1906-1942 - Download All Files (176 KB)
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DS4:  Election Returns for Connecticut, 1944-1968 - Download All Files (124 KB)
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DS5:  Election Returns for Maine, 1824-1873 - Download All Files (219 KB)
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DS6:  Election Returns for Maine, 1874-1902 - Download All Files (132 KB)
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DS7:  Election Returns for Maine, 1906-1944 - Download All Files (204 KB)
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DS8:  Election Returns for Maine, 1946-1968 - Download All Files (113 KB)
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DS9:  Election Returns for Massachusetts, 1824-1855 - Download All Files (198 KB)
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DS10:  Election Returns for Massachusetts, 1856-1895 - Download All Files (206 KB)
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DS11:  Election Returns for Massachusetts, 1896-1928 - Download All Files (204 KB)
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DS12:  Election Returns for Massachusetts, 1930-1964 - Download All Files (180 KB)
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DS13:  Election Returns for Massachusetts, 1964-1968 - Download All Files (23 KB)
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DS14:  Election Returns for New Hampshire, 1824-1871 - Download All Files (173 KB)
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DS15:  Election Returns for New Hampshire, 1872-1875 - Download All Files (34 KB)
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DS16:  Election Returns for New Hampshire, 1876-1918 - Download All Files (160 KB)
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DS17:  Election Returns for New Hampshire, 1920-1926 - Download All Files (44 KB)
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DS18:  Election Returns for New Hampshire, 1928-1964 - Download All Files (172 KB)
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DS19:  Election Returns for New Hampshire, 1966-1968 - Download All Files (25 KB)
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DS20:  Election Returns for Rhode Island, 1824-1866 - Download All Files (162 KB)
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DS21:  Election Returns for Rhode Island, 1867-1899 - Download All Files (159 KB)
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DS22:  Election Returns for Rhode Island, 1900-1903 - Download All Files (27 KB)
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DS23:  Election Returns for Rhode Island, 1904-1938 - Download All Files (148 KB)
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DS24:  Election Returns for Rhode Island, 1940-1944 - Download All Files (34 KB)
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DS25:  Election Returns for Rhode Island, 1946-1968 - Download All Files (101 KB)
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DS26:  Election Returns for Vermont, 1824-1866 - Download All Files (170 KB)
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DS27:  Election Returns for Vermont, 1867-1910 - Download All Files (176 KB)
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DS28:  Election Returns for Vermont, 1912-1914 - Download All Files (36 KB)
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DS29:  Election Returns for Vermont, 1916-1950 - Download All Files (171 KB)
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DS30:  Election Returns for Vermont, 1952-1958 - Download All Files (47 KB)
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DS31:  Election Returns for Vermont, 1960-1968 - Download All Files (57 KB)
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DS32:  Election Returns for Delaware, 1823-1876 - Download All Files (143 KB)
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DS33:  Election Returns for Delaware, 1878-1920 - Download All Files (122 KB)
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DS34:  Election Returns for Delaware, 1922-1926 - Download All Files (31 KB)
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DS35:  Election Returns for Delaware, 1928-1968 - Download All Files (140 KB)
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DS36:  Election Returns for New Jersey, 1824-1874 - Download All Files (197 KB)
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DS37:  Election Returns for New Jersey, 1876-1882 - Download All Files (39 KB)
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DS38:  Election Returns for New Jersey, 1883-1922 - Download All Files (197 KB)
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DS39:  Election Returns for New Jersey, 1924-1953 - Download All Files (196 KB)
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DS40:  Election Returns for New Jersey, 1954-1968 - Download All Files (86 KB)
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DS41:  Election Returns for New York, 1824-1854 - Download All Files (204 KB)
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DS42:  Election Returns for New York, 1856-1884 - Download All Files (229 KB)
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DS43:  Election Returns for New York, 1885-1906 - Download All Files (211 KB)
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DS44:  Election Returns for New York, 1908-1922 - Download All Files (203 KB)
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DS45:  Election Returns for New York, 1923-1933 - Download All Files (156 KB)
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DS46:  Election Returns for New York, 1934-1938 - Download All Files (177 KB)
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DS47:  Election Returns for New York, 1940-1952 - Download All Files (184 KB)
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DS48:  Election Returns for New York, 1954-1968 - Download All Files (141 KB)
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DS49:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1824-1876 - Download All Files (352 KB)
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DS50:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1878-1882 - Download All Files (61 KB)
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DS51:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1884-1899 - Download All Files (287 KB)
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DS52:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1900 - Download All Files (117 KB)
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DS53:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1901-1915 - Download All Files (339 KB)
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DS54:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1916-1928 - Download All Files (334 KB)
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DS55:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1930-1964 - Download All Files (332 KB)
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DS56:  Election Returns for Pennsylvania, 1966-1968 - Download All Files (40 KB)
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DS57:  Election Returns for Illinois, 1824-1878 - Download All Files (495 KB)
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DS58:  Election Returns for Illinois, 1880-1910 - Download All Files (419 KB)
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DS59:  Election Returns for Illinois, 1912-1930 - Download All Files (502 KB)
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DS60:  Election Returns for Illinois, 1932-1968 - Download All Files (481 KB)
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DS61:  Election Returns for Indiana, 1824-1872 - Download All Files (369 KB)
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DS62:  Election Returns for Indiana, 1874-1926 - Download All Files (410 KB)
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DS63:  Election Returns for Indiana, 1928-1968 - Download All Files (404 KB)
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DS64:  Election Returns for Michigan, 1835-1874 - Download All Files (374 KB)
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DS65:  Election Returns for Michigan, 1876-1886 - Download All Files (101 KB)
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DS66:  Election Returns for Michigan, 1888-1920 - Download All Files (372 KB)
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DS67:  Election Returns for Michigan, 1922-1928 - Download All Files (103 KB)
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DS68:  Election Returns for Michigan, 1930-1960 - Download All Files (384 KB)
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DS69:  Election Returns for Michigan, 1962-1968 - Download All Files (81 KB)
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DS70:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1824-1873 - Download All Files (385 KB)
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DS71:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1874-1878 - Download All Files (53 KB)
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DS72:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1879-1916 - Download All Files (370 KB)
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DS73:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1918-1920 - Download All Files (39 KB)
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DS74:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1922-1948 - Download All Files (397 KB)
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DS75:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1950 - Download All Files (52 KB)
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DS76:  Election Returns for Ohio, 1952-1968 - Download All Files (300 KB)
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DS77:  Election Returns for Wisconsin, 1848-1884 - Download All Files (349 KB)
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DS78:  Election Returns for Wisconsin, 1886-1890 - Download All Files (82 KB)
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DS79:  Election Returns for Wisconsin, 1892-1926 - Download All Files (328 KB)
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DS80:  Election Returns for Wisconsin, 1928-1931 - Download All Files (59 KB)
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DS81:  Election Returns for Wisconsin, 1932-1968 - Download All Files (344 KB)
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DS82:  Election Returns for Iowa, 1846-1887 - Download All Files (434 KB)
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DS83:  Election Returns for Iowa, 1888-1923 - Download All Files (400 KB)
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DS84:  Election Returns for Iowa, 1924-1926 - Download All Files (74 KB)
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DS85:  Election Returns for Iowa, 1928-1958 - Download All Files (350 KB)
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DS86:  Election Returns for Iowa, 1960-1968 - Download All Files (137 KB)
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DS87:  Election Returns for Kansas, 1862-1898 - Download All Files (477 KB)
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DS88:  Election Returns for Kansas, 1900-1936 - Download All Files (481 KB)
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DS89:  Election Returns for Kansas, 1938-1943 - Download All Files (93 KB)
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DS90:  Election Returns for Kansas, 1944-1968 - Download All Files (363 KB)
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DS91:  Election Returns for Minnesota, 1857-1902 - Download All Files (426 KB)
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DS92:  Election Returns for Minnesota, 1904-1908 - Download All Files (60 KB)
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DS93:  Election Returns for Minnesota, 1910-1946 - Download All Files (399 KB)
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DS94:  Election Returns for Minnesota, 1948-1950 - Download All Files (53 KB)
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DS95:  Election Returns for Minnesota, 1952-1968 - Download All Files (219 KB)
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DS96:  Election Returns for Missouri, 1824-1872 - Download All Files (288 KB)
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DS97:  Election Returns for Missouri, 1874-1922 - Download All Files (463 KB)
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DS98:  Election Returns for Missouri, 1924-1968 - Download All Files (391 KB)
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DS99:  Election Returns for Nebraska, 1866-1908 - Download All Files (418 KB)
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DS100:  Election Returns for Nebraska, 1910-1912 - Download All Files (50 KB)
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DS101:  Election Returns for Nebraska, 1914-1948 - Download All Files (403 KB)
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DS102:  Election Returns for Nebraska, 1950-1952 - Download All Files (64 KB)
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DS103:  Election Returns for Nebraska, 1954-1968 - Download All Files (186 KB)
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DS104:  Election Returns for North Dakota, 1889-1926 - Download All Files (325 KB)
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DS105:  Election Returns for North Dakota, 1928-1962 - Download All Files (224 KB)
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DS106:  Election Returns for North Dakota, 1964-1968 - Download All Files (65 KB)
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DS107:  Election Returns for South Dakota, 1889-1932 - Download All Files (369 KB)
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DS108:  Election Returns for South Dakota, 1934-1968 - Download All Files (341 KB)
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DS109:  Election Returns for Virginia, 1824-1888 - Download All Files (631 KB)
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DS110:  Election Returns for Virginia, 1893-1929 - Download All Files (600 KB)
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DS111:  Election Returns for Virginia, 1930-1932 - Download All Files (126 KB)
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DS112:  Election Returns for Virginia, 1933-1968 - Download All Files (612 KB)
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DS113:  Election Returns for Alabama, 1824-1874 - Download All Files (325 KB)
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DS114:  Election Returns for Alabama, 1876-1918 - Download All Files (341 KB)
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DS115:  Election Returns for Alabama, 1920-1960 - Download All Files (321 KB)
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DS116:  Election Returns for Alabama, 1962-1968 - Download All Files (86 KB)
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DS117:  Election Returns for Arkansas, 1836-1890 - Download All Files (342 KB)
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DS118:  Election Returns for Arkansas, 1892-1902 - Download All Files (87 KB)
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DS119:  Election Returns for Arkansas, 1904-1940 - Download All Files (354 KB)
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DS120:  Election Returns for Arkansas, 1942 - Download All Files (35 KB)
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DS121:  Election Returns for Arkansas, 1944-1968 - Download All Files (237 KB)
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DS122:  Election Returns for Florida, 1845-1900 - Download All Files (318 KB)
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DS123:  Election Returns for Florida, 1902-1914 - Download All Files (90 KB)
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DS124:  Election Returns for Florida, 1916-1956 - Download All Files (304 KB)
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DS125:  Election Returns for Florida, 1958-1968 - Download All Files (64 KB)
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DS126:  Election Returns for Georgia, 1824-1860 - Download All Files (582 KB)
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DS127:  Election Returns for Georgia, 1868-1930 - Download All Files (494 KB)
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DS128:  Election Returns for Georgia, 1932-1946 - Download All Files (236 KB)
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DS129:  Election Returns for Georgia, 1948-1968 - Download All Files (321 KB)
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DS130:  Election Returns for Louisiana, 1824-1892 - Download All Files (329 KB)
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DS131:  Election Returns for Louisiana, 1894-1938 - Download All Files (312 KB)
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DS132:  Election Returns for Louisiana, 1940-1948 - Download All Files (95 KB)
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DS133:  Election Returns for Louisiana, 1950-1968 - Download All Files (146 KB)
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DS134:  Election Returns for Mississippi, 1824-1896 - Download All Files (381 KB)
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DS135:  Election Returns for Mississippi, 1898-1941 - Download All Files (338 KB)
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DS136:  Election Returns for Mississippi, 1942-1951 - Download All Files (119 KB)
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DS137:  Election Returns for Mississippi, 1952-1968 - Download All Files (171 KB)
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DS138:  Election Returns for North Carolina, 1824-1874 - Download All Files (428 KB)
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DS139:  Election Returns for North Carolina, 1876-1928 - Download All Files (404 KB)
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DS140:  Election Returns for North Carolina, 1930-1936 - Download All Files (80 KB)
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DS141:  Election Returns for North Carolina, 1938-1968 - Download All Files (275 KB)
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DS142:  Election Returns for South Carolina, 1824-1894 - Download All Files (247 KB)
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DS143:  Election Returns for South Carolina, 1896-1904 - Download All Files (66 KB)
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DS144:  Election Returns for South Carolina, 1906-1940 - Download All Files (246 KB)
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DS145:  Election Returns for South Carolina, 1942-1968 - Download All Files (190 KB)
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DS146:  Election Returns for Texas, 1846-1896 - Download All Files (817 KB)
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DS147:  Election Returns for Texas, 1898-1931 - Download All Files (844 KB)
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DS148:  Election Returns for Texas, 1932-1936 - Download All Files (195 KB)
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DS149:  Election Returns for Texas, 1937-1968 - Download All Files (947 KB)
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DS150:  Election Returns for Kentucky, 1824-1875 - Download All Files (463 KB)
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DS151:  Election Returns for Kentucky, 1876-1880 - Download All Files (84 KB)
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DS152:  Election Returns for Kentucky, 1882-1928 - Download All Files (487 KB)
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DS153:  Election Returns for Kentucky, 1929-1959 - Download All Files (449 KB)
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DS154:  Election Returns for Kentucky, 1960-1968 - Download All Files (136 KB)
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DS155:  Election Returns for Maryland, 1824-1880 - Download All Files (126 KB)
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DS156:  Election Returns for Maryland, 1882-1924 - Download All Files (158 KB)
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DS157:  Election Returns for Maryland, 1926-1968 - Download All Files (205 KB)
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DS158:  Election Returns for Oklahoma, 1907-1938 - Download All Files (335 KB)
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DS159:  Election Returns for Oklahoma, 1940-1948 - Download All Files (107 KB)
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DS160:  Election Returns for Oklahoma, 1950-1968 - Download All Files (170 KB)
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DS161:  Election Returns for Tennessee, 1825-1882 - Download All Files (353 KB)
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DS162:  Election Returns for Tennessee, 1884-1930 - Download All Files (351 KB)
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DS163:  Election Returns for Tennessee, 1932-1968 - Download All Files (416 KB)
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DS164:  Election Returns for West Virginia, 1863-1916 - Download All Files (295 KB)
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DS165:  Election Returns for West Virginia, 1918-1954 - Download All Files (246 KB)
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DS166:  Election Returns for West Virginia, 1956-1968 - Download All Files (87 KB)
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DS167:  Election Returns for Arizona, 1911-1944 - Download All Files (169 KB)
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DS168:  Election Returns for Arizona, 1946-1952 - Download All Files (46 KB)
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DS169:  Election Returns for Arizona, 1954-1968 - Download All Files (81 KB)
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DS170:  Election Returns for Colorado, 1876-1910 - Download All Files (305 KB)
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DS171:  Election Returns for Colorado, 1912-1914 - Download All Files (64 KB)
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DS172:  Election Returns for Colorado, 1916-1946 - Download All Files (311 KB)
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DS173:  Election Returns for Colorado, 1948-1968 - Download All Files (180 KB)
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DS174:  Election Returns for Idaho, 1890-1924 - Download All Files (253 KB)
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DS175:  Election Returns for Idaho, 1926-1934 - Download All Files (84 KB)
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DS176:  Election Returns for Idaho, 1936-1968 - Download All Files (242 KB)
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DS177:  Election Returns for Montana, 1889-1932 - Download All Files (288 KB)
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DS178:  Election Returns for Montana, 1934-1968 - Download All Files (277 KB)
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DS179:  Election Returns for Nevada, 1864-1912 - Download All Files (195 KB)
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DS180:  Election Returns for Nevada, 1914-1924 - Download All Files (68 KB)
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DS181:  Election Returns for Nevada, 1926-1960 - Download All Files (174 KB)
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DS182:  Election Returns for Nevada, 1962-1968 - Download All Files (44 KB)
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DS183:  Election Returns for New Mexico, 1911-1942 - Download All Files (229 KB)
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DS184:  Election Returns for New Mexico, 1944-1968 - Download All Files (209 KB)
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DS185:  Election Returns for Utah, 1896-1936 - Download All Files (199 KB)
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DS186:  Election Returns for Utah, 1938-1946 - Download All Files (65 KB)
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DS187:  Election Returns for Utah, 1948-1968 - Download All Files (130 KB)
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DS188:  Election Returns for Wyoming, 1890-1930 - Download All Files (186 KB)
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DS189:  Election Returns for Wyoming, 1932-1968 - Download All Files (176 KB)
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DS190:  Election Returns for California, 1849-1894 - Download All Files (318 KB)
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DS191:  Election Returns for California, 1896-1900 - Download All Files (48 KB)
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DS192:  Election Returns for California, 1902-1936 - Download All Files (304 KB)
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DS193:  Election Returns for California, 1938-1944 - Download All Files (85 KB)
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DS194:  Election Returns for California, 1946-1968 - Download All Files (215 KB)
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DS195:  Election Returns for Oregon, 1858-1904 - Download All Files (229 KB)
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DS196:  Election Returns for Oregon, 1906-1916 - Download All Files (79 KB)
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DS197:  Election Returns for Oregon, 1918-1952 - Download All Files (243 KB)
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DS198:  Election Returns for Oregon, 1954-1968 - Download All Files (127 KB)
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DS199:  Election Returns for Washington, 1889-1924 - Download All Files (257 KB)
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DS200:  Election Returns for Washington, 1926-1930 - Download All Files (42 KB)
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DS201:  Election Returns for Washington, 1932-1968 - Download All Files (261 KB)
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DS202:  Election Returns for Alaska, 1958-1968 - Download All Files (80 KB)
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DS203:  Election Returns for Hawaii, 1959-1968 - Download All Files (51 KB)
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DS204:  Political Party Codes
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. United States Historical Election Returns, 1824-1968 [Computer File]. ICPSR00001-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999-04-26. doi:10.3886/ICPSR00001.v3

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (GS881)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   candidates, congressional elections, counties, election returns, elections, gubernatorial elections, historical data, political attitudes, political behavior, political parties, presidential elections, senatorial elections, states (USA)

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1824--1968

Data Types:   aggregate data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The election data have been matched-merged and fixed-formatted within states. Because of the volume of data available for some states, it was necessary to store the election returns in more than one file per state.

County names have been standardized, including names for counties that have experienced name changes over time. In addition to the names, a county identification number was added to all county-level records. This number allows unique identification of all counties within states.

Data for elections to the office of United States representative have been collapsed to the whole-county level.

The election data files for each county contain the congressional district number of that county at the time of each election for the office of United States representative. When a county was divided into more than one congressional district, a code value indicating the number of congressional districts into which the county was divided was inserted in place of the congressional district number. It is thus possible to aggregate to the congressional district level all county-level election data (except in the case of split-district counties), and to perform the aggregations for the districts as they were constituted for any Congress.

Counties may have been assigned a congressional district number of zero if they were not in existence at the time of the election, did not report vote totals, or did not participate in that election.

For 1970 to 1990 election returns data, see GENERAL ELECTION DATA FOR THE UNITED STATES, 1970-1990 (ICPSR 0013).

Part 204, a listing of political party codes used in all data files, is an ASCII text file included as supplementary documentation. There is no actual codebook for this collection. Variable information is contained in the setup files. Some variable labels are cryptic. For example, the variable label V34="825 2 GOV 9001 VOTE" is interpreted as year of election/code for elected office/type of election/elected office/party code.

There are data for one race in Delaware from 1823 included in the collection, though this year is not reflected in the title.

Methodology

Data Source:

official election returns provided by state governments

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 1999-04-26 A machine-readable listing of political party codes has been added to the collection as Part 204.
  • 1997-09-26 SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been generated for all parts, and reformatted logical record length data files are now available for Parts 12, 33, 34, 35, 84, 96, 101, 104, 130, 156, and 194.

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