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Retail Sweep Programs and Bank Reserves (ICPSR 1236)

Principal Investigator(s): Anderson, Richard G., Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; Rasche, Robert H., Michigan State University


Since January 1994, the Federal Reserve Board has permitted depository institutions in the United States to implement so-called "retail sweep programs." The essence of these programs is computer software that dynamically reclassifies customer deposits from transaction accounts, which are subject to statutory reserve-requirement ratios as high as 10 percent, to money market deposit accounts, which have a zero ratio. Through the use of such software, hundreds of banks have sharply reduced the amount of their required reserves. In many cases, this new lower requirement places no constraint on the bank because it is less than the amount of reserves (vault cash and deposits at the Federal Reserve) that the bank requires for its ordinary day-to-day business. In the terminology introduced by the authors in a previous article (see MEASURING THE ADJUSTED MONETARY BASE IN AN ERA OF FINANCIAL CHANGE [ICPSR 1169]), such deposit-sweeping activity has allowed these banks to become "economically nonbound" and has reduced to zero the economic burden ("tax") due to statutory reserve requirements. In this analysis, the authors examine a large panel of United States banks and develop quantitative estimates of the impact of sweep software programs on the demand for bank reserves.

Access Notes

  • These data are flagged as replication datasets and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Anderson, Richard G., and Robert H. Rasche. Retail Sweep Programs and Bank Reserves. ICPSR01236-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001-04-02. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR01236.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR01236.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    banking, banks, computer programs, computer software, financial institutions

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The files submitted are the data file, 0101rad.xls, and the program file, 0101rap.prg. (2) These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigators if further information is desired.



Original ICPSR Release:   2001-04-02

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