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Using the Gravity Model to Estimate the Costs of Protection (ICPSR 1200)

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Summary:

Economists' estimates of the actual burden that trade protectionism imposes on the economy have been surprisingly small. In this article, the author presents a method that captures some of the effects and distortions of trade protection that have not been captured by existing methods. He finds that during 1996, worldwide protectionism reduced United States exports by 26.2 percent. Likewise, United States protectionism decreased United States imports from non-NAFTA countries by 15.4 percent. He calculates further that the welfare cost of United States protectionism amounted to about 1.45 percent of United States national income, which is much higher than previous estimates.

Access Notes

  • These data are flagged as replication datasets and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

  • These data are freely available.

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Study Description

Citation

Wall, Howard J. Using the Gravity Model to Estimate the Costs of Protection. ICPSR01200-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999-06-03. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR01200.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   exports, national economy, trade policy, protectionism

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The file submitted is 9901hw.xls, which contains the data for the regressions in the article. (2) These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

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