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Principal Investigator(s): Huth, Paul; Gelpi, Christopher; Bennett, D. Scott
The purpose of this study was to test the relative explanatory power of two theoretical approaches--deterrence theory and structural realism--in predicting dispute escalation among "Great Powers" from 1816 to 1984. The Great Powers during this time period are identified as Great Britain, France, Russia/Soviet Union, Austria-Hungary, Prussia/Germany, Italy, the United States, Japan, and China. A Great Power deterrence encounter is defined as the explicit verbal threat of force or the movement and buildup of military forces in preparation for armed conflict by a challenging Great Power and a counterthreat by the defending Great Power. Variables measure dispute escalation, system uncertainty, risk propensity, balance of conventional military capabilities of challenger and defender, defender's possession of second-strike nuclear capability, interests at stake for challenger and defender, past behavior of challenger and defender, and current dispute involvement of challenger and defender. Part 2, Deterrence Variables Data, contains the complete set of variables, and Part 1, Deterrence Final Equation Data, is a subset of Part 2.
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Huth, Paul, Christopher Gelpi, and D. Scott Bennett. Escalation of Great Power Disputes: Deterrence Versus Structural Realism, 1816-1984. ICPSR06355-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06355.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06355.v1
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SES 9023067)
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
Universe: Deterrence encounters involving Great Powers during the period 1816-1984.
Data Types: aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
Data for this study were extracted in part from CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010). For a more detailed description of the current dataset, users may consult the related publications listed below.
CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010)
Original ICPSR Release: 1995-03-16
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
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