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Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz, Commission of the European Communities; Cunningham, George, Commission of the European Communities
This round of Central and Eastern Euro-Barometer Surveys focused on public support for the European Community (EC) and on attitudes toward political and economic reforms and other issues facing Europe. Respondents were asked whether they felt their country was going in the right direction in general, how well their country's economy and their own finances had fared over the past year, whether they thought the establishment of a free market economy was right or wrong, and whether economic reforms and privatization were occurring too fast or too slowly. Satisfaction with the development of democracy and with their own place in their political system was assessed, as was intention to vote in the next general election. A series of questions elicited opinions on the respect for human rights in one's own country and on the situation for minority rights. Several items concerned respondents' trust in various forms of information media, including broadcasts from the West. Respondents were asked how frequently they thought of themselves as European. They were also asked to indicate how aware they were of, and how interested in, the European Community and its activities and institutions, and to rate how positively they regarded the European Community and the prospect of their country's membership in the Community. Country-specific questions were asked regarding sources of information about the European Community. Participants were also asked about how the economy, government, and private citizens might be advantaged or disadvantaged by the country's increasing ties with the European Community. The survey explored the prospect of future alignments with the United States, the European Community, other East European countries, other (non-EC) European countries, Russia, Turkey, Japan, and South Korea. Opinions were sought on the fairness of European Community and other countries' trade and assistance policies. In addition, respondents' views were obtained on the break-up of European nations, their personal likelihood of emigration to other European countries, and the effectiveness of the United Nations and other international organizations' intervention in the former Yugoslavia. A few of these questions were asked of a small sample of persons in Serbia and Croatia. Demographic data collected on each participant include age, education, occupation, religion, ethnic background, mother tongue, citizenship, union membership, left/right political placement, sex, and income.
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Reif, Karlheinz, and George Cunningham. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EURO-BAROMETER 3: POLITICAL DISINTEGRATION, OCTOBER-NOVEMBER 1992. ICPSR06106-v2. Conducted by Gallup International (Europe), London. Mannheim, Germany: Zentrum fur Europaische Umfrageanalysen und Studien/Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung [producers], 2003. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2005-05-23. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06106.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06106.v2
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: democracy, economic conditions, economic integration, economic reform, European Economic Community, European Union, human rights, international alliances, political attitudes, political awareness, political change, political reform, privatization, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, social change
Geographic Coverage: Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Europe, Georgia (Republic), Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Global
Date of Collection:
Universe: Citizens of 17 Central and Eastern European countries, aged 15 and over, residing in Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (west of the Urals), Slovenia, and Ukraine.
Data Types: survey data
Sample: Multistage national probability samples and national stratified quota samples. In Armenia, Georgia, and Moldova, some areas could not be covered by the survey due to hostilities. The Northeast, Vaik, and Zangezur were not surveyed in Armenia, resulting in 90 percent coverage of that country. In Georgia, 90 percent of the area was surveyed, including 68 percent of Abkhazia. The Transdnistria area of Moldova was also omitted from the survey due to fighting, resulting in just 82 percent of that country being covered. In each of these cases, the final sample was representative of that portion of the country that could be covered.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview
Original ICPSR Release: 1994-10-20
- 2005-05-23 This data collection has been reformatted and updated in conformance with current Eurobarometer processing standards. Many variable names, variable labels, and value labels have been revised to current naming conventions. Some combined variables have been broken out into several variables. Revised SAS and SPSS setup files and an updated documentation file are now available as well.
- 2002-03-07 A complete version of the questionnaire is now available as part of the PDF codebook.
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