National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Alternate Title: NCVS
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics
The National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS) series, previously called the National Crime Surveys (NCS), has been collecting data on personal and household victimization through an ongoing survey of a nationally-representative sample of residential addresses since 1973. The NCVS was designed with four primary objectives: (1) to develop detailed information about the victims and consequences of crime, (2) to estimate the number and types of crimes not reported to the police, (3) to provide uniform measures of selected types of crimes, and (4) to permit comparisons over time and types of areas. The survey categorizes crimes as "personal" or "property." Personal crimes cover rape and sexual attack, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and purse-snatching/pocket-picking, while property crimes cover burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and vandalism. Each respondent is asked a series of screen questions designed to determine whether she or he was victimized during the six-month period preceding the first day of the month of the interview. A "household respondent" is asked to report on crimes against the household as a whole (e.g., burglary, motor vehicle theft) as well as personal crimes against him- or herself. The data include type of crime, month, time, and location of the crime, relationship between victim and offender, characteristics of the offender, self-protective actions taken by the victim during the incident and results of those actions, consequences of the victimization, type of property lost, whether the crime was reported to police and reasons for reporting or not reporting, and offender use of weapons, drugs, and alcohol. Basic demographic information such as age, race, gender, and income is also collected, to enable analysis of crime by various subpopulations.
This data collection has been deaccessioned; it is no longer distributed by ICPSR.
U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY, 1992-2000. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR03140-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2005-04-07. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03140.v4
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03140.v4
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: assault, auto theft, burglary, crime, crime costs, crime rates, crime reporting, crime statistics, offenders, offenses, property crimes, rape, reactions to crime, robbery, sexual offenses, vandalism, victimization, victims
Smallest Geographic Unit: Region
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: Households, Persons, Crime incidents
Universe: All persons in the United States aged 12 and over.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
2008-12-17 This data collection has been deaccessioned and is no longer available. Replaced by study 22921.
Through 1999, the NCVS data were maintained under a single study number. Beginning with the year 2000 data, files from individual years have separate study numbers.
The NCVS data are organized by year, with six collection quarters comprising an annual file: the four quarters of the current year plus the first two quarters of the following year.
The number of records and variables for each file, as well as the logical record length, can be found in the codebooks.
Incident-Level files were created from the annual hierarchical files and include information on victims rather than nonvictims. There are three types of Incident-Level files: single year, concatenated annual, and concatenated rape subset. In all three types, an Incident record was extracted from the hierarchical full files. The Incident-Level files were bounded by calendar year.
Sample: Stratified multistage cluster sample.
Weight: The data files include three weight variables: household, person, and incident. To use the weights correctly they must be adjusted. See the codebook for information on how to adjust the weights to calculate household, population, and victimization estimates.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview, computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
personal and telephone interviews
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed consistency checks.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2001-11-29
- 2006-01-18 File CB03140-ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
- 2005-04-07 All concatenated incident-level files and rape subset files have been updated. These updates were made because of a previous change to the 1994 full hierarchical file relating to quarters 1 and 2 of 1995.
- 2004-09-02 The Bureau of Justice Statistics has resupplied the 2000 data. The structures of the data files have not changed, but the content of all four data files has been updated. SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been updated, and the codebook has been modified to reflect these changes.
- 2002-05-21 The data collection was updated to include a file creation date variable and to correct the values for variables V2120 and V2121 pertaining to public housing.