This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-level and Jail-level Data, 1985 (ICPSR 8687)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) sponsors the Sample Survey of Jails as part of a series of statistical programs measuring the correctional population. The Sample Survey meets BJS's need to analyze continuously the "spillover" effect on local jails of the growth in federal and state prison populations. The data are used in conjunction with statistics on federal and state prisoners to provide a complete picture of the adult correctional system and to measure changes in that system.
These data are available to the general public.
U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. ANNUAL SURVEY OF JAILS: JURISDICTION-LEVEL AND JAIL-LEVEL DATA, 1985. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1986. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08687.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08687.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: All jails in the United States.
Data Types: survey data, and aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) The Bureau of Justice Statistics conducts a complete census of local jails every five years. In the intervening years this Sample Survey provides basic data about the national jail population. The first Sample Survey was conducted in 1982 and was followed by a complete census of jails in 1983. Sample Surveys have been conducted in 1984 and, most recently, in 1985. The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3732), authorized the collection of this information. (2) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Sample: A simple random sample of jurisdictions stratified by average daily population as reported in the 1985 Census of Local Jails.
self-enumerated forms, and personal interviews
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1987-10-12
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
- 2002-01-10 At the request of the principal investigator, the title was changed from the National Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1992, to Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1992 to more accurately reflect the scope of the survey. The codebook has been converted to PDF and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created.
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