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National Nursing Home Survey, 1985 (ICPSR 8914)

Principal Investigator(s):


The 1985 National Nursing Home Survey was designed to gather a variety of data on all types of nursing homes providing nursing care in the United States. In this collection data are available on nursing and related care facilities, services provided by the facilities, residents of the nursing homes, and discharges. Nursing home care is examined from the perspectives of both the recipients and the providers of services. Information about patients, both current and discharged, includes basic demographic characteristics, marital status, place of residence prior to admission, health status, services received, and, for discharges, the outcomes of care. A family member of both current and discharged patients was contacted by telephone to obtain data on socioeconomic status and prior episodes of health care. Facility-level data include basic characteristics such as size, ownership, Medicare/Medicaid certification, occupancy rate, and days of care provided.

Series: National Nursing Home Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Facility Questionnaire - Download All Files (20.2 MB)
DS2:  Nursing Staff Questionnaire - Download All Files (20.3 MB)
DS3:  Current Resident Questionnaire - Download All Files (23.9 MB)
DS4:  Discharged Resident Questionnaire - Download All Files (22.7 MB)
DS5:  Expense Questionnaire - Download All Files (19.7 MB)
DS6:  Nursing Staff Sampling List - Download All Files (19.5 MB)
DS7:  Current Resident Sampling List - Download All Files (19.5 MB)
DS8:  Discharged Resident Sampling List - Download All Files (19.5 MB)
DS9:  Next-of-Kin Questionnaire - Download All Files (23.4 MB)

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. NATIONAL NURSING HOME SURVEY, 1985. 4th ICPSR release. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08914.v4

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   administrative costs, assisted living, assisted living facilities, health care costs, health care facilities, health history, health services utilization, health status, institutional care, labor costs, long term care, mortality rates, nursing homes, older adults, patient care, personnel

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1984-08--1986-01

Date of Collection:  

  • 1985-08--1986-01

Universe:   All types of nursing homes providing some level of nursing care in the coterminous United States as defined by the 1982 National Master Facility Inventory (NMFI) or the 1982 Complement Survey of the NMFI, nursing homes opened for business from 1982 through June 1984 and identified by the NCHS Agency Reporting System (NCHS, 1968), and hospital-based nursing homes identified in records of the Health Care Financing Administration.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. The approximate age distribution for 5,200 of the 5,238 current residents sampled was: less than 65 years (N = 554), 65-69 years (N = 266), 70-74 years (N = 433), 75-79 years (N = 709), 80-84 years (N = 993), 85-89 years (N = 1,065), 90-94 years (N = 903), 95 and older years (N = 277). Approximate age at discharge for 5,928 of 6,017 discharged residents sampled was: less than 65 years (N = 594), 65-69 years (N = 300), 70-74 years (N = 526), 75-79 years (N = 870), 80-84 years (N = 1,203), 85-89 years (N = 1,222), 90-94 years (N = 826), 95 and older (N = 387). The National Institute on Aging has funded a follow-up of the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey, extending the period of observation by 30 months. The follow-up consists of two waves of Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews [CATI] with surviving residents, next-of-kin, and facility administrators for approximately 6,000 nursing home residents at 18 months and 4,600 at 30 months. The follow-up will enable longitudinal analyses on health, services, and outcomes of case. Those data will be made available by NCHS at a later date.


Sample:   Stratified two-stage probability design. The first stage was the selection of facilities, and the second stage was a selection of residents, discharges, and registered nurses from the sample facilities. The sampling procedure yielded a nationally representative sample of 1,220 nursing and related-care homes. The data collection includes three files containing information about sampling within the facility. These sampling files include facility totals of registered nurses, current residents, discharged residents, and the number of each sampled per facility. Interviews were completed with 81 percent of the residents' next-of-kin.

Data Source:

personal interviews, computer-assisted telephone interviews, and mailed questionnaires

Restrictions: In preparing the data tape(s) for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution, NCHS requires, under section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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