Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series RSS

The Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth annual surveys were designed to explore changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. The surveys began in 1975 with 12th-grade students only. Eighth- and 10th-grade student surveys were added in 1991 under the title Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys) and, in 1996, the designation "12th-Grade Survey" was added to the titles of the subsequent 12th-grade surveys. When examining the issues covered by the series, two general types of tasks may be distinguished. The first task is to provide a systematic and accurate description of the youth population of interest in a given year and to quantify the direction and rate of change occurring over time. The second task, more analytic than descriptive, involves the explanation of the relationships and trends observed. Each year, large, distinct, nationally representative samples of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students in the United States are asked to respond to drug use and demographic questions, as well as to additional questions on a variety of subjects, including attitudes toward religion, parental influences, changing roles of women, educational aspirations, self-esteem, exposure to sex and drug education, and violence and crime - both in and out of school. In each grade, students are randomly assigned to complete questionnaires with a subset of topical questions in addition to a set of core questions on demographics and drug use. Each form of the questionnaire generates a corresponding data file. For a guide to the questions asked each year in each questionnaire, along with their subject areas and variable names, users may refer to the question indexes under the Reports & Related Sites link below.

For more information, visit the Monitoring the Future Web site.

Years Produced: Annually. Note: the 1975 data is not available.

Reports & Related Sites

Most Recent Studies

Related Publications

Most Recent Publications

2014
Denham, Bryan E. High school sports participation and substance use: Differences by sport, race, and gender. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse. 23, (3), 145-154.
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2014
Palamar, Joseph J.,  Ompad, Danielle C.,  Petkova, Eva . Correlates of intentions to use cannabis among US high school seniors in the case of cannabis legalization. International Journal of Drug Policy.
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2014
Patrick, Megan E.,  Schulenberg, John E.,  O'Malley, Patrick M. High school substance use as a predictor of college attendance, completion, and dropout: A national multicohort longitudinal study. Youth and Society.
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2014
Stults, Brian J.,  Falco, Christi S. Unbalanced institutional commitments and delinquent behavior: An individual-level assessment of institutional anomie theory. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 12, (1-2), 77-100.
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2013
Arnett, Jeffrey J.,  Trzesniewski, Kali H.,  Donnellan, M. Brent . The dangers of generational myth-making: Rejoinder to Twenge. Emerging Adulthood. 1, (1), 27-20.
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2013
Bachman, J.G.,  Staff, J.,  O'Malley, P.M.,  Freedman-Doan, P. Adolescent work intensity, school performance, and substance use: Links vary by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Developmental Psychology. 1-10.
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2013
Barry, A.E.,  Stellefson, M.L.,  Hanik, B.,  Tennant, B.L.,  Whiteman, S.D.,  Varnes, J.,  Wadsworth, S.M. . Examining the association between binge drinking and propensity to join the military. Military Medicine. 178, (13), 37-42.
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2013
Chen, Chiung M.,  Yi, Hsiao-ye,  Faden, Vivian B. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2011. Surveillance Report #96. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System .
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2013
Clarke, P.,  O'Malley, P.M.,  Schulenberg, J.E.,  Lee, H.,  Colabianchi, N.,  Johnston, L.D. . College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth. Obesity.
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