Annual Probation Survey Series

The Annual Probation Surveys collect administrative data from probation agencies in the United States. Data Collected include the total number of adults on state and federal probation on January 1 and December 31 of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting probation supervision each year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of probation agencies. The surveys cover all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia.

A crosswalk of the items included in each year of the Annual Probation Survey series, and the variable names and variable labels that have been assigned in the NACJD documentation and datasets is available.

Researchers may also be interested in the companion series Annual Parole Survey Series.

Most Recent Studies

Related Publications ?

Most Recent Publications

2014
Bonczar, Thomas,  Herberman, Erinn . Probation and Parole in the United States, 2013. Bulletin. NCJ 248029, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2014
DeMichele, Matthew . Studying the community corrections field: Applying neo-institutional theories to a hidden element of mass social control. Theoretical Criminology. 18, (4), 546-564.
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2014
Glaze, Lauren E.,  Kaeble, Danielle . Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013. Bulletin. NCJ 248479, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2013
Glaze, Lauren E.,  Herberman, Erinn J. Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012. Bulletin. NCJ 243936, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2013
Maruschak, Laura M.,  Bonczar, Thomas P. Probation and Parole in the United States, 2012. Bulletin. NCJ 243826, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2013
Maruschak, Laura,  Glaze, Lauren,  Bonczar, Thomas . Adults on Probation, Federal and State-by-State, 1977-2012. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2013
Phelps, Michelle S. The paradox of probation: Community supervision in the age of mass incarceration. Law and Policy. 35, (1-2), 51-80.
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2012
Glaze, Lauren E.,  Parks, Erika . Correctional Populations in the United States, 2011. Bulletin. NCJ 239972, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2012
Laubepin, Frederique . Experiments in Punishment: Explaining Differences in the Scope of Penal Sanctioning in the American States. Dissertation, University of Michigan.
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2012
Maruschak, Laura M.,  Parks, Erika . Probation and Parole in the United States, 2011. Bulletin. NCJ 239686, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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Variables

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