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American National Election Study: 1990-1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of War/1991 Pilot Study (ICPSR 9673)

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E.; Kinder, Donald R.; Rosenstone, Steven J.; National Election Study


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The panel portion of this collection focuses on the consequences of war, with the first wave consisting of the 1990 Post-Election Survey conducted prior to the outbreak of hostilities in the Persian Gulf. The respondents were reinterviewed several months after hostilities ended, and in this wave the survey content consisted of a repeat of a subset of questions from the Post-Election Survey, and additional items especially relevant to the Gulf War conflict. In addition, a full-fledged pilot study, designed to explore new areas of interest and develop new instrumentation, is embedded in this collection. Among the topics covered in the Pilot portion of the survey are ethnic politics, gender, Social Security, Medicaid/medical care for the elderly, social altruism, and political knowledge. A number of contextual variables also are provided, including summary variables that combine the respondent's recall of his or her senator's and representative's vote on the use of force with that congressperson's actual vote, and county-level 1980 Census data on race.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Miller, Warren E., Donald R. Kinder, Steven J. Rosenstone, and National Election Study. American National Election Study: 1990-1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of War/1991 Pilot Study. ICPSR09673-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09673.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09673.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885 and SOC77-8341310)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, gender roles, government performance, Medicare, national elections, Persian Gulf War, philanthropy, political affiliation, political attitudes, political awareness, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, Social Security, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1990--1991

Universe:    Respondents to AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1990: POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 9548), for which the universe consisted of all United States citizens of voting age on or before November 6, 1990, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    A national multistage area probability sample was employed for the 1990 Post-Election Survey. For the Panel, 615 respondents were not reinterviewed either due to panel mortality (e.g., they had moved or died), or were effectively nonsample for telephone reinterview because they were extremely hard of hearing, could not be reached by telephone, or needed to be interviewed in a language other than English.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1991-10-23

Version History:

  • 1999-10-07 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. In addition, SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to the collection and incorporate changes previously noted in the April 1994 errata. Also, Part 2, the CPS version of the study, is no longer being distributed.

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