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American National Election Study, 1988: The Presidential Nomination Process [Super Tuesday] (ICPSR 9093)

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E.; National Election Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. This study of the presidential nomination process in the United States focuses on the Super Tuesday primary elections held in 16 states on March 8, 1988. The pre-election wave for this data collection was in the field between January 17 and March 8, 1988. Questions include candidate recognition and evaluations, feeling thermometers and traits, assessment of each candidate's chances of winning his/her party's nomination and the November general election, attitudes on public issues, vote intention and choice, and respondent's age, race, education, occupation, labor union membership, income, and religious affiliation. Immediately following Super Tuesday, brief reinterviews were conducted that contained recognition and feeling thermometers on all candidates and traits of selected candidates. A full range of voting questions also was asked, including whether the respondent voted, in which primary and for which candidate, whom the respondent preferred to see each party nominate for president, and whom the respondent most wanted to see elected as president.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Miller, Warren E., and National Election Studies. American National Election Study, 1988: The Presidential Nomination Process [Super Tuesday]. ICPSR09093-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09093.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09093.v2

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  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-8341310)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, primaries, public approval, public opinion, public policy, social networks, social values, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1988

Date of Collection:   

  • 1988-01--1988-03

Universe:    Telephone households in the 16 states that held presidential primary elections on March 8, 1988.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Two-stage random-digit dialing.

Mode of Data Collection:    telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-03-03

Version History:

  • 1999-10-07 The data are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data files, and SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been supplied for the collection. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. The codebook has been revised accordingly. In addition, the codebook is now available in machine-readable ASCII text format, and the data collection instrument is now available as a PDF file.

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