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American National Election Studies, 1992-1997: Combined File (ICPSR 2407)

Principal Investigator(s): Sapiro, Virginia; Rosenstone, Steven J.; Kinder, Donald R.; Miller, Warren E.; National Election Studies


The 1992-1997 Combined File brings together all publicly released variables from the following National Election Study datasets: the 1992 Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR 6067) (only the 1,005 "fresh" cross-section cases), the 1993 Pilot Study (ICPSR 6264), the 1994 Post-Election Survey (ICPSR 6507), the 1995 Pilot Study (ICSPR 6636), the 1996 Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR 6896), and the 1997 Pilot Study (ICPSR 2282). The data in this combined file are identical to the original datasets in terms of sampling, case disposition, and conditions for interviewing. All survey variables are included along with other ancillary variables, such as those that describe the randomization position. This data file can be used for both cross-sectional and panel analysis through selecting subsets of cases. Each election year can be analyzed as a whole, in cross-sectional or trend analysis.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (93.021 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Sapiro, Virginia, Steven J. Rosenstone, Donald R. Kinder, Warren E. Miller, and National Election Studies. American National Election Studies, 1992-1997: Combined File. ICPSR02407-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02407.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02407.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SBR-9317631, SES-8341310, SES-8808361, SES-9009379,SES-9209410, SOC77-08885, SOC77-8341310)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, Clinton Administration (1993-2001), congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, special interest groups, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1992--1997

Date of Collection:   

  • 1992--1997

Universe:    The universe for the 1995 and 1997 Pilot studies consisted of a subset of respondents with telephones from the cross-section portion of the prior even-year National Election Study. The universe for the even-year election studies consisted of all United States citizens of voting age on or before election day of the same year.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The topics covered in this combined file are more fully described in the codebook and in the abstracts and codebooks for each of the studies that make up this file.


Sample:    The sample for the 1995 and 1997 Pilot studies consisted of a randomly selected subset of respondents with telephones from the fresh cross-section portion of the prior year's National Election Study. For all other studies included in this combined file, a national multistage area probability sample was used.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1999-03-25

Version History:

  • 1999-10-07 Contextual variables from the 1996 study have been added to the data file, and the existing variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. The SAS and SPSS data definition statements and codebook have been revised accordingly. Also, the data are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file.

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