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Euro-Barometer 35.0: Foreign Relations, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Concerns, Spring 1991 (ICPSR 9697)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna


This round of Euro-Barometer surveys investigated foreign policy attitudes and, in particular, the level of trust respondents felt toward the United States and the Soviet Union, their assessment of the abilities of both nations to deal responsibly with world problems, the importance of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the use of military force against Iraq. Respondents were also asked to evaluate the importance and influence of the European Community on their own lives, and to give their opinions on the value of a general European citizenship, the recent unification of Germany, whether aid should be given to the Soviet Union, current immigration policies, the importance of the European Parliament, the value of the proposed Single European Market, and prospective policies and composition of the European Community by the year 2000. Other queries focused on the effectiveness of the Common Agricultural Policy and the result of potential reforms of this policy on European farmers. Another set of questions probed attitudes toward energy and environmental issues. Respondents were asked about the availability and costs of energy products, whether energy prices should be uniform throughout Community countries, the importance of possible changes in the environment, future sources of energy, the value of nuclear power, and knowledge of sources of radiation and potential risks of contamination. As in previous Euro-Barometers, questions on political party preference asked respondents which party they felt closest to, how they voted in their country's last general election, and how they would vote if a general election were held tomorrow. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, socio-professional status, and left-right political self-placement.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Anna Melich. Euro-Barometer 35.0: Foreign Relations, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Concerns, Spring 1991. ICPSR09697-v2. Koeln, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2009-01-29. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09697.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09697.v2

Export Citation:

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    agricultural policy, attitudes, economic integration, energy policy, environmental attitudes, European unification, European Union, foreign policy, German reunification, immigration policy, life satisfaction, NATO, nuclear energy, nuclear waste, Persian Gulf War, political influence, public opinion, quality of life, social change, trust (psychological), voter preferences

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom

Time Period:   

  • 1991 (Spring)

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data processing for this collection was initially performed at the Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung in Koeln, Germany. ICPSR completed the processing.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-03-10

Version History:

  • 1998-12-07 Data for all previously-embargoed variables are now available. Also, SAS data definition statements and machine-readable documentation with frequencies have been prepared and are available for this collection. In addition, the data collection instrument is being released as a PDF file.

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