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Euro-barometer 23: The European Currency Unit and Working Conditions, April 1985 (ICPSR 8411)

Principal Investigator(s): Rabier, Jacques-Rene, Commission of the European Communities; Riffault, Helene, Faits et Opinions; Inglehart, Ronald, University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies


The dataset contains information on European integration, life satisfaction, and social goals, as well as respondent attitudes toward the European Parliament. Attitudes towards the expansion of the European Economic Community were also probed, as well as opinions on the most necessary members in the event of European political unification. Respondents were also questioned extensively on the European Currency Unit, current and preferred working conditions, recent travel, and dealings with financial institutions.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Rabier, Jacques-Rene, Helene Riffault, and Ronald Inglehart. Euro-barometer 23: The European Currency Unit and Working Conditions, April 1985. ICPSR08411-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-03-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08411.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08411.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, banks, currencies, economic integration, euro, European unification, European Union, financial institutions, life satisfaction, personal finances, political influence, public opinion, quality of life, social change, travel, work environment

Smallest Geographic Unit:    country

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands

Time Period:   

  • 1985

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Representative samples of the total population of persons age fifteen years and older were drawn in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Luxembourg, Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Greece.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:


Sample:    The sampling designs were either multi-stage national probability samples or national stratified quota samples.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    The data are not weighted, however there are two weight variables, V8 (NATION WEIGHT II) and V9 (EUROPEAN WEIGHT), that users may wish to apply during analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1986-08-18

Version History:

  • 2017-03-27 The SPSS setup files were updated to conform to current standards. SAS and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a R data file, a tab-delimited data file, and a PDF codebook have been added to the collection.

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