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Eurobarometer 56.1: Social Exclusion and Modernization of Pension Systems, September-October 2001 (ICPSR 3475)
Principal Investigator(s): Christensen, Thomas, European Commission. Directorate-General Press and Communication. Opinion Polls Sector
This round of Eurobarometer surveys diverged from standard questions instead it focused on the social exclusion and modernization of pension systems in European Union countries. Respondents were asked why people were socially excluded, what the role of government should be in reducing the risk of poverty and social exclusion, how satisfied they were with their lives, whether there were people in their neighborhoods who lived in poverty, and what it meant to live properly. They were also asked whether they had financial problems, and if so, for how long and what had caused them. A number of questions focused on problems related to work. Respondents were asked whether they had been unemployed in the last five years and if so for how long. Those employed or self-employed were asked questions concerning job satisfaction, the type of organization for which they worked, the number of hours worked, their job title, number of people employed at their workplace, how long they had been continuously employed, and what they took into consideration when choosing a job. They were also asked whether their job was interesting and secure, whether they had to work hard and under pressure, whether their employers paid for training or education, whether they had friends at work, and whether they had influence over the decision-making processes at their workplace and in deciding how to do their tasks. They also compared different aspects of their current job with what they had been doing five years ago, described relations between management and employees, and commented on how their work affected their health and their lives after work. Another major focus of the surveys was the pension system. Those who had already retired were asked at what age they had retired, what the main source of their retirement income was, whether their current financial situation was better than before retirement and what it would look like in five to ten years, and whether the state pension allowed them to get by easily. Non-pensioners supplied information about when they intended to retire, what their main source of income would be after retirement, what percentage of their current household's total income after tax they considered sufficient in retirement, and how they were saving for their retirement. Additionally, respondents were asked what a good pension system should look like, how the pension should be provided, what level of minimum guaranteed income should be provided for elderly people, whether older workers should be forced to retire at a fixed age, whether men and women should be treated equally in terms of the retirement system, and how retirement problems caused by an aging society should be resolved. Demographic and other background information collected includes respondent's age, gender, nationality, marital status, left-right political self-placement, occupation, age at completion of education, trade union membership, household income, type and size of locality, and region of residence.
Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series
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Christensen, Thomas. EUROBAROMETER 56.1: SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND MODERNIZATION OF PENSION SYSTEMS, SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2001. ICPSR03475-v3. Conducted by European Opinion Research Group, Brussels. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung [producer], 2006. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2006-10-18. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03475.v3
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03475.v3
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: European Union, demographic characteristics, government, government performance, government subsidies, income, job satisfaction, job security, job stress, life satisfaction, pension plans, pensions, poverty, public opinion, quality of life, retirement, retirement income, retirement planning, social attitudes, social identity, unemployment, work, work attitudes, work environment
Date of Collection:
Universe: Citizens of the EU aged 15 and over residing in the 15 EU member countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Sample: Multistage national probability samples.
You can find more information via the sample characteristics utility:
Original ICPSR Release: 2002-12-09
- 2006-10-18 The data have been further processed by the ZA, the SPSS setup file and the codebook have been updated, SAS and Stata setup files, an SPSS portable file, an SAS transport file, and a Stata system file have been added.
- 2004-03-03 All embargos have been lifted and previously embargoed data are now available.
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