National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program (NAHDAP). NAHDAP is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Restructuring Risky Relationships-HIV (RRR-HIV), 2005-2008 [United States] (ICPSR 30842)

Principal Investigator(s):


In recent years, women have had a growing presence in the prison system, largely for drug-related offenses. Few interventions are geared towards reentering female offenders, for whom HIV and drug use are intimately tied to risky relationships and thinking errors surrounding criminal activity and risky behavior. This study aimed to develop a manual-driven intervention for the criminal justice system geared towards female drug abusers, specifically reducing HIV risk behavior. Using focus groups to develop the manual, interventionists were then trained and supervised. The intervention focused on reducing risky behavior through cognitive restructuring and the relationship model. The intervention takes place through a two-group design, one with three community reentry sessions, the other without reentry sessions. Outcomes of the study were to develop a manual for women reentering society, to contribute to the literature on the unique factors affecting women and risky behavior, to expand on the existing knowledge of the issues faced by reentering women, and to offer information about the connection between community-based reentry resources and the criminal justice system.

Series: Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Restructuring Risky Relationships Intake - Download All Files (7.6 MB)
DS2:  Restructuring Risky Relationships 30-Day Follow-up - Download All Files (2.6 MB)
DS3:  Restructuring Risky Relationships 90-Day Follow-up - Download All Files (2.7 MB)

Study Description


Leukefeld, Carl. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Restructuring Risky Relationships-HIV (RRR-HIV), 2005-2008 [United States]. ICPSR30842-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-07-13.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   abuse, behavior modification, cognitive processes, drug offenders, HIV, intervention strategies, prisoner reentry, sexual behavior, treatment compliance, women

Geographic Coverage:   Connecticut, Delaware, Kentucky, Rhode Island, United States

Time Period:  

  • 2005--2008

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Women in post-release integration.

Data Types:   experimental data, survey data


Study Purpose:   This study is intended to develop a manual-driven intervention for reentering female drug-users, and to test the effectiveness of cognitive restructuring in reducing risky behavior.

Study Design:   A draft intervention manual was developed and pilot tested on a small focus group. Revisions were then made to the manual. Next, interventionists were trained. The intervention was issued in three phases to one group, while another group was not issued the treatment as a control. The three community reentry sessions were administered followed by survey collections at the baseline, after one month, and after three months. Finally, the data collected was used to evaluate and improve the manualized intervention.

Sample:   For this study 150 incarcerated women, community women, prison treatment providers, community treatment providers, and community correctional supervisors participated in the focus groups that developed the manual, and 120 female prisoners were recruited to participate in evaluating the intervention, 80 in the experimental group, 40 in the control.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview

Description of Variables:   The variables for the study examine risky sexual behaviors and risky drug abuse behaviors (NIDA RBA), as well as demographic characteristics and self-reports of outcomes.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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