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American Time Use Survey (ATUS), 2004 (ICPSR 4335)

Alternate Title:  ATUS, 2004

Principal Investigator(s):


The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) collects information on how people living in the United States spend their time. Estimates show the kinds of activities people engage in and the time they spend involved in these activities by age, sex, educational attainment, labor force status, and other characteristics, as well as by weekday and weekend day. Data about the quality of life in the United States include how much time people spend working, sleeping, caring for children, volunteering, participating in religious activities, commuting, or relaxing, as well as with whom they spend their time. The ATUS sample is drawn from households that have completed their final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey, the federal survey that is the source of the nation's unemployment rate.

Series: American Time Use Survey (ATUS) Series

Access Notes

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WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS1:  Current Population Survey - Download All Files (79.2 MB)
DS2:  Respondent - Download All Files (10.7 MB)
DS3:  Roster - Download All Files (5.1 MB)
DS4:  Activity - Download All Files (29.1 MB)
DS5:  Who - Download All Files (12.4 MB)
DS6:  Call History - Download All Files (13 MB)
DS7:  Case History - Download All Files (5.1 MB)
DS8:  Replicate Weights - Download All Files (106.3 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. American Time Use Survey (ATUS), 2004. ICPSR04335-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-09-08. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04335.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   family life, family work relationship, housework, leisure, lifestyles, quality of life, recreation, social interaction, social life, time utilization, work, working hours

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2004

Date of Collection:  

  • 2004

Universe:   ATUS covers all residents living in households in the United States who are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The methodology used to weight the 2004 data was different from that used to weight the 2003 data. In 2003, the ATUS weights added up to the number of person-days in the month only for the population as a whole. In 2004, the methodology was changed so that ATUS weights add up to the number of person-days for selected subpopulations as well as for the general population. Users who wish to pool 2003 and 2004 data in order to increase the number of observations should use weights calculated according to the 2004 methodology. On September 20, 2005, these new weights were added to the 2003 Respondent file, as variable TU04FWGT. Thus, users who combine the 2003 and 2004 datasets should use TU04FWGT (on the 2003 Respondent file) to weight the 2003 data and TUFINLWGT (on the 2004 Respondent file) to weight the 2004 data. These weights were created using identical methodologies.


Sample:   The ATUS sample is drawn from households that have completed their final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey, the federal survey that is the source of the nation's unemployment rate. Households are selected to ensure that estimates can be made across major demographic groups. One individual from each selected household is chosen to participate in the ATUS, and this person is interviewed only once about his or her time use. In 2003, the sample consisted of approximately 39,000 cases, which yielded about 21,000 completed interviews. In 2004, the sample was reduced to approximately 27,000 cases, which yielded about 14,000 completed interviews.

Mode of Data Collection:   computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)


Original ICPSR Release:  

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