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American Customer Satisfaction Index, 1995 (ICPSR 4103)
Principal Investigator(s): Fornell, Claes, University of Michigan Business School. National Quality Research Center
The American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) is a uniform and independent measure of household consumption experience. The ACSI tracks trends in customer satisfaction and provides benchmarking insights into the consumer economy for companies, industry trade associations, and government agencies. It is based on modeling customer evaluations of the quality of goods and services that are purchased in the United States and produced by both domestic and foreign firms that have substantial United States market shares. The ACSI model is a set of causal equations that link customer expectations, perceived quality, and perceived value to customer satisfaction. In turn, satisfaction is linked to consequences as defined by customer complaints and customer loyalty -- measured by price tolerance and customer retention. Customer expectations combine customers' experiences with a product or service and information about it via media, advertising, salespersons, and word-of-mouth. Customer expectations influence the evaluation of quality and forecast how well the product or service will perform. Perceived quality of a product or service is measured through questions on its overall quality, reliability, and the extent to which it meets the customer's needs. Perceived value is measured through questions on overall price given quality and overall quality given price. Customer complaints activity is measured as the percentage of respondents who reported a problem with the measured companies' product or service within a specified time frame. Satisfaction has an inverse relationship to customer complaints. Customer loyalty is measured through questions on the likelihood that customers will purchase a company's products or services at various price points. The ACSI is produced through a partnership of the University of Michigan Business School, the American Society for Quality (ASQ), and the international consulting firm, CFI Group. Background variables include age, education, number of family members, Hispanic origin, race, household income, sex, industry, and sector of the economy.
This study is currently not available. Additional information may be available in Data Collection Notes.(1) These data were collected quarterly and are broken into four data sets covering 1995. The variable, QTR, in the data set is the economic quarter to which the data refer. (2) The data collection for 1994 was released through ICPSR under the title AMERICAN CUSTOMER SATISFACTION INDEX, 1994 (ICPSR 3973). (3) For additional information, including related publications, visit the ACSI Web site at http://www.theacsi.org.
This study is currently not available. Please check periodically to see if the status has changed.
Fornell, Claes. American Customer Satisfaction Index, 1995. ICPSR04103-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04103.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04103.v1
This study was funded by:
- American Society for Quality (N004885)
- CFI Group USA, LLC
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individuals
Universe: American consumers aged 18 to 84 living in households with telephones in the continental United States.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) These data were collected quarterly and are broken into four data sets covering 1995. The variable, QTR, in the data set is the economic quarter to which the data refer. (2) The data collection for 1994 was released through ICPSR under the title AMERICAN CUSTOMER SATISFACTION INDEX, 1994 (ICPSR 3973). (3) For additional information, including related publications, visit the ACSI Web site at http://www.theacsi.org.
Sample: Households were selected by random-digit dialing. Within households, the respondent selected was the adult with the nearest birthday to the date of the interview who had purchased or consumed specific products and services within specified, recent time periods varying from three months to three years according to the product or service. The probability sample selected to represent the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) for each company was based on approximately 250 customer interviews.
Original ICPSR Release: 2005-01-07
- 2006-03-30 File CB4103.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
- 2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.
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