National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013 (ICPSR 36722)

Principal Investigator(s): Ryff, Carol, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Almeida, David, Pennsylvania State University; Ayanian, John, University of Michigan; Binkley, Neil, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Carr, Deborah, Rutgers University; Coe, Chrisopher, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Davidson, Richard, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Grzywacz, Joseph, Florida State University; Karlamangla, Arun, University of California-Los Angeles; Krueger, Robert, University of Minnesota; Lachman, Margie, Brandeis University; Love, Gayle, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Mailick, Marsha, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Mroczek, Daniel, Northwestern University; Radler, Barry, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Seeman, Teresa, University of California-Los Angeles; Sloan, Richard, Columbia University; Thomas, Duncan, Duke University; Weinstein, Maxine, Georgetown University; Williams, David, Harvard University


These data are being released in BETA version to facilitate early access to the study for research purposes. This collection has not been fully processed by NACDA or ICPSR at this time; the original materials provided by the principal investigator were only converted to other file types for ease of use. As the study is processed and given enhanced features by ICPSR, users will be able to access the updated versions of the study. Please report any data errors or problems to user support and we will work with you to resolve any data-related issues.

In 2012-2013, the MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher study recruited a sample of 508 Milwaukee African American adults, aged 25 to 64, designed to replenish the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS II): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2005-2006 (ICPSR 22840). This sample was also designed to increase the number of racial minorities included in the broader MIDUS study. The MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher survey employed the same assessments (demographic, psycho-social, and physical and mental health) as those assembled on the existing MIDUS sample, but with additional questions about the effect of the economic recession of 2008-09. A sample of African Americans from Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, was stratified by age, gender, and income.

Area probability sampling methods were used to identify potential respondents. Field interviewers screened households to determine if they contained any African American adults. There was additional screening to achieve an appropriate age/gender distribution in a manner similar to what was done for the original MIDUS sample (MIDLIFE IN THE UNITED STATES (MIDUS), 1995-1996 [ICPSR 2760]). Milwaukee respondents were interviewed in their homes using a 2.5-hour Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) protocol and afterwards asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire (SAQ). All measures paralleled those used in the larger MIDUS samples. In addition to successful completion of the survey, participants were asked to complete a cognitive assessment by phone. Some respondents were eligible to participate in additional MIDUS projects: daily diary assessments, biomarker assessments, and neuroscience assessments.

Series: Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. Additional information can also be found in the Use Agreement.

    This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, these data are restricted from general dissemination. To obtain the data, researchers must agree to the terms and conditions of a Restricted Data Use Agreement; completed forms with original signature(s) should be emailed to

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS1:  Aggregate Data
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  Coded Text Data
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


Ryff, Carol, David Almeida, John Ayanian, Neil Binkley, Deborah Carr, Chrisopher Coe, Richard Davidson, Joseph Grzywacz, Arun Karlamangla, Robert Krueger, Margie Lachman, Gayle Love, Marsha Mailick, Daniel Mroczek, Barry Radler, Teresa Seeman, Richard Sloan, Duncan Thomas, Maxine Weinstein, and David Williams. Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013. ICPSR36722-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-11-20.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (5PO1AG020166)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    adults, family relationships, health status, life satisfaction, lifestyles, mental health, midlife, psychological wellbeing, recession, siblings, social indicators, work attitudes

Smallest Geographic Unit:    None

Geographic Coverage:    Milwaukee, United States, Wisconsin

Time Period:   

  • 2012--2013

Date of Collection:   

  • 2012-07-02--2013-05-07

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Adult African American residents aged 25-64 in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The variable MRID is the linking variable for the Aggregate Dataset and the Coded Text Dataset in this collection.

For more information on the MIDUS Refresher Project, please see the MIDUS web site.

The title of this study was changed from National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013, to Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Milwaukee African American Sample, 2012-2013, on May 9, 2017.


Sample:    The sampling design was a stratified area probability sample of households in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. The sampling frame included Census tracts in which at least 40 percent of the population was African American. The Census blocks were stratified by income, with roughly half coming from tracts in which the median household income was $40,000 or greater, and the rest coming from tracts in which the median household income was below $40,000.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire

Response Rates:    The overall response rate for the in-person interview was 47.7 percent. The overall self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) response rate was 67.2 percent. Additional information is available in Appendix A of the Field Report for MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher Oversample.

Presence of Common Scales:    Please see the "Documentation of Psychosocial Constructs and Composite Variables" for complete information regarding the scales for the MIDUS Refresher Milwaukee African American Sample data collection.


Original ICPSR Release:   2017-03-09

Version History:

  • 2017-11-20 This collection is being updated, per request from the PI, to reflect a title change; the corresponding downloadable files are only being updated to reflect the title change, where applicable.
  • 2017-03-20 The data use agreement was added to the collection.



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