The IEA Civic Education Study is an international assessment of the civic knowledge and skills of 14-year-olds in 28 countries. It was conducted under the auspices of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement(IEA). The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) sponsored the 1999 IEA Civic Education Study was measured by a total civic knowledgea scale composed of two subscales: civic content and civic skills. Civic content refers to knowledge of content, such as characteristics of democracies. Civic skills refers to the interpretative skills needed to understand civic-related information (e.g. the skills needed to make sense of a newspaper article).