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Canadian National Election Study, 1974 (ICPSR 7379)

Principal Investigator(s): Clarke, Harold; Jenson, Jane; LeDuc, Lawrence; Pammett, Jon


Conducted in the months following the July 8, 1974, election in Canada, this study explored the Canadian electorate's political attitudes and behavior at both the federal and provincial levels. Respondents were asked about their interest in politics, their images of party leaders, opinions on political and social issues, campaign information sources and political involvement, as well as their voting history and party identification. Other items dealt more specifically with the 1974 campaign and election. Besides ascertaining how respondents voted, the study attempted to establish when voting decisions were made, and for what reasons. Also explored were attitudes on political and social issues like bilingualism, foreign investment, inflation, separatism, and majority government. "Feeling thermometers" were used to gauge respondents' feelings toward their provinces, Canada as a whole, and other countries, as well as toward specific parties, party leaders, and candidates in the 1974 federal election. A number of items dealt with Canadian federalism, comparing federal and provincial government influence. Demographic data include sex, age, marital status, education, occupation, and organizational membership. In addition, extensive information is provided about occcupational and social mobility of male respondents' fathers, grandfathers, and sons. In order to maximize the number of questions that could be administered, two forms of the interview were developed. Half of the respondents were administered Form 1 and the others Form 2. While many items in the two forms are identical, there are also several items that are present in one form only.

Series: Canadian National Elections Study (CNES) Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Clarke, Harold, Jane Jenson, Lawrence LeDuc, and Jon Pammett. Canadian National Election Study, 1974. ICPSR07379-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1977. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07379.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07379.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Canada Council (NSF: SOC 75-17915)
  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    bilingualism, campaign issues, economic conditions, family history, federal government, foreign investment, government performance, national economy, national elections, national politics, nationalism, party leaders, party loyalty, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, public opinion, separatism, voter attitudes, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Canada, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1974

Date of Collection:   

  • 1974-08-04--1974-12-21

Universe:    Population of Canada, aged 18 and older.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) This study contains a weight variable (Ref. 4) that corrects for oversampling by province, and produces a representative national sample of the Canadian voters. In addition there is a weight variable (Ref. 5) for use in the analysis of the maritime provinces alone. (2) The frequencies inserted for variables in the body of the codebook are for the national cross-section sample only. Frequencies reflect the decimal weight (Ref. 4) and have been rounded to the nearest integer before being included in the codebook. As a result, they do not always add up to the expected N.


Sample:    Multistage, stratified cluster sample. There was systematic oversampling of several smaller provinces, and therefore the weight variable should be used to obtain a national sample.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-19

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