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Canadian Election Survey, 1997 (ICPSR 2593)

Principal Investigator(s): Blais, Andre; Gidengil, Elisabeth, York University (Canada). Institute for Social Research; Nadeau, Richard, York University (Canada). Institute for Social Research; Nevitte, Neil, York University (Canada). Institute for Social Research


For this survey of Canadians' political attitudes and voting behavior, citizens 18 years of age or older who spoke one of Canada's official languages (English or French) and who resided in private homes in the ten Canadian provinces and two territories were eligible to be surveyed. The survey included three components: the Campaign-Period Survey (CPS), the Post-Election Survey (PES), and the Mail-Back Survey (MBS). Approximately 110 interviews were completed each day of the CPS for a total of 3,949 interviews. Eighty percent, or 3,170 of the CPS respondents, completed the PES survey, and 1,857 of the PES respondents completed the MBS. The CPS respondents were queried on their voting intentions, interest in the election and its media coverage, whether parties/candidates had contacted them during the campaign, the state of the economy, knowledge of the parties and leaders, personal stances on major policy issues such as cutting taxes, maintaining social programs, and Quebec, assessment of the Liberal government, and electoral expectations. Specific questions on political actions and personal character were posed regarding Prime Minister Jean Chretien, Conservative Party Leader Jean Charest, New Democratic Party Leader Alexa McDonough, Reform Party Leader Preston Manning, Bloc Quebecois Leader Gilles Duceppe, Premier Lucien Bouchard, and former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. The PES repeated many of the CPS questions, and addressed additional topics such as government spending, social issues including abortion, unions, businesses, education, health care, and capital punishment, Quebec separation, and attitudes towards social groups including big business, feminists, and aboriginal peoples. The MBS dealt with broader political issues and values, including the respondents' confidence in institutions, the distribution of power among various societal groups, and individual rights. Background information on respondents includes age, sex, ethnicity, political party, political orientation, voter participation history, education, marital status, religion, employment status, household income, union membership, country of birth, knowledge of Canadian political history, financial status, and disability status.

Series: Canadian National Elections Study (CNES) Series

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Study Description


Blais, Andre, Elisabeth Gidengil, Richard Nadeau, and Neil Nevitte. Canadian Election Survey, 1997. ICPSR02593-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02593.v3

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02593.v3

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada) (412-96-0007)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Chretien, Jean, economic conditions, elections, government performance, Mulroney, Brian, national elections, political campaigns, political candidates, political interest, political issues, public confidence, public opinion, separatism, voter attitudes, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Canada, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1997

Date of Collection:   

  • 1997

Universe:    Canadian citizens 18 years of age or older, who spoke one of Canada's official languages (English or French), and resided in private homes with a telephone, in the ten Canadian provinces and two territories.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    A two-stage probability selection process was utilized to select survey respondents. Afterward, a weight was added to the sample, by province.

Data Source:

telephone interviews and mailback questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:   1998-12-17

Version History:

  • 2000-05-09 The SAS and SPSS data definition statements, SPSS export file, and codebook for this collection have been revised to incorporate changes noted in the errata file (October 1998) previously distributed with this collection.
  • 2000-03-23 A logical record length version of the dataset is now available in addition to the SPSS export file previously released. SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been created.

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