This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

Union Army Recruits in White Regiments in the United States, 1861-1865 (ICPSR 9425)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection was designed to analyze the relationships among height, morbidity, and mortality among individuals recruited into the Union Army. Information about each recruit includes date, place, and term of enlistment, place of birth, military ID number, random number assigned to each company, occupation before enlistment, age at enlistment, and height. Population figures for 1850 to 1860 by race, sex, and county of birth also are included by county and town of both recruit's birth and enlistment places. In addition, the latitude and longitude of the population centroids of each civil division were also computed.

Series: Civil War Veterans Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


Dataset - Download All Files (71.4 MB)

Study Description


Fogel, Robert W., Stanley L. Engerman, Clayne Pope, and Larry Wimmer. UNION ARMY RECRUITS IN WHITE REGIMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1861-1865. ICPSR09425-2. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago, Center for Population Economics [producer], 1990. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001.

Persistent URL:

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This study was funded by:

  • (1) University of Chicago. Graduate School of Business. Center for Population Economics, (2) Walgreen Foundation, and (3) Exxon Foundation.

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   aging, American Civil War, body height, causes of death, census data, demographic characteristics, disease, enlistment (military), health status, military recruitment, military service, mortality rates, nineteenth century, occupations, physical characteristics, physical condition, Union Army, veterans

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1861--1865

Date of Collection:  

  • 1981

Universe:   All recruits mustered into the Union Army.

Data Types:   administrative records data, and aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) These data can be merged using the variable RECIDNUM with the AGING OF VETERANS OF THE UNION ARMY: MILITARY, PENSION, AND MEDICAL RECORDS, 1820-1940 (ICPSR 6837), AGING OF VETERANS OF THE UNION ARMY: UNITED STATES FEDERAL CENSUS RECORDS, 1850, 1860, 1900, 1910 (ICPSR 6836) and CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, 1973-1998 (ICPSR 2977). (2) The codebook is provided by the principal investigators as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.


Sample:   One-stage cluster sampling of white companies in the Union Army. Clusters were companies, with each company having an equal probability of being included.

Data Source:

Regimental Description Books of the Union Army, and POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1860, Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1864.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2001-06-27 Replacement data have been provided by the principal investigators in logical record length format, and SAS and SPSS data definitions statements were created. Also, the codebook is now available as a PDF file.

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