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Central and Eastern Euro-barometer 5: European Union, November 1994 (ICPSR 6656)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz, Commission of the European Communities; Cunningham, George, Commission of the European Communities


The fifth round of Central and Eastern Euro-Barometer surveys was carried out in Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. Respondents were asked questions that appeared in earlier surveys in this series. These included items on whether respondents felt that things in their country were going in the right or wrong direction, how the financial situation of their household had changed in the last year and how it might change in the next year, how they felt about the creation of a free market economy, how economic reforms were going in their country, how satisfied they were with the way democracy was developing, and how much respect there now was for human rights. They were also asked about their impressions of the aims and activities of the European Community after its name was changed to the European Union (EU), which countries they believed their future was most closely tied to, whether or not their country or the European Union benefited most from the current relationship, their main sources of information about the activities of the EU, and which groups within their societies would likely benefit or lose out as ties between their country and the EU increased. Demographic data collected on participants include information on the respondent's age, highest level of education completed, occupation, voting status, nationality/ethnic background, voting intentions, sex, region, and income.

Series: Central and Eastern Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

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Dataset - Download All Files (10.383 MB)
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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and George Cunningham. Central and Eastern Euro-barometer 5: European Union, November 1994. ICPSR06656-v2. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2005-06-22. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06656.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06656.v2

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    democracy, economic conditions, economic integration, economic reform, European Economic Community, European Union, human rights, international alliances, political attitudes, political awareness, political change, political reform, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, social change

Geographic Coverage:    Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Europe, Georgia (Republic), Global, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine

Time Period:   

  • 1994-11-04--1994-11-28

Date of Collection:   

  • 1994-11-04--1994-11-28

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in 18 countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the Ukraine.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung in Cologne, Germany.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1996-01-22

Version History:

  • 2005-06-22 This data collection has been reformatted and updated in conformance with current Eurobarometer processing standards. Many variable names, variable labels, and value labels have been revised to current naming conventions. "EC/ EU Info source" variables have been combined from question 11 and question 11A. Revised SAS and SPSS setup files and an updated documentation file are now available as well.

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