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Principal Investigator(s): Centro de Investigaciones Sobre la Realidad Social (CIRES)
This data collection is part of a series of nationwide surveys conducted from October 1990 to June 1996 in Spain. The questionnaires for each of these surveys consisted of three sections. The first section collected information on respondents' attitudes regarding personal, national, and international issues, and included questions on respondents' level of life satisfaction and frequency of visits with relatives, neighbors, and friends. The second section contained a topical module of questions that varied from survey to survey, with this survey's topic focusing on ecology and the environment. Among the issues investigated were opinions on current fertility and mortality levels, depletion of natural resources, causes of economic inequality among nations and among different regions in Spain, the most urgent environmental problems, promotion of economic development versus environmental protection, and possible solutions to environmental problems and who should be responsible for their implementation. Respondents also were asked if they participated in recycling programs and if they were willing to buy organic products even though they were more expensive than nonorganic ones. Questions in the third section of the questionnaire elicited socioeconomic information, such as respondent's sex, age, marital status, size of household, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, place of birth, and income.
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Centro de Investigaciones Sobre la Realidad Social (CIRES). Center for Research on Social Reality [Spain] Survey, December 1994: Environment. ICPSR06964-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06964.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06964.v1
This study was funded by:
- Fundacion BBV (Spain)
- Fundacion Caja Madrid
- Fundacion Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa (Spain)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: attitudes, economic development, environmental attitudes, environmental degradation, environmental planning, environmental protection, life satisfaction, national identity, national interests, overpopulation, poverty, public opinion, renewable resources, social inequality, social networks
Date of Collection:
Universe: Persons aged 18 and over living in Spain.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet. (2) The SPSS data definition statements contain Spanish language labels and conform to the Code Page 437 and Code Page 850 symbol sets.
Sample: Random sample, stratified by autonomous regions and municipalities according to their size.
Original ICPSR Release: 1998-01-14
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