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Census of Population and Housing, 1990 [United States]: Public Law (P.L.) 94-171 Data (One-Half Sample Adjusted Redistricting File) (ICPSR 9783) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

Public Law 94-171, enacted in 1975, requires the Census Bureau to provide redistricting data in a format requested by state governments. Within one year following the 1990 decennial Census (by April 1, 1991), the Census Bureau provided the governor and legislature of each state with the population data needed to redraw legislative districts. This collection contains the same substantive and geographic variables as the original Public Law 94-171 files [see CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1990 [UNITED STATES]: PUBLIC LAW (P.L.) 94-171 DATA (ICPSR 9516)] but with the population counts adjusted for undernumeration. Adjusted Public Law 94-171 counts are supplied for a sample of one-half of blocks in the United States and a complete selection of areas with 1,000 or more persons. Each state file provides data for the state and its subareas in the following order: state, county, voting district, county subdivision, place, and block. Additionally, complete summaries are provided for the following geographic areas: county subdivision, place, consolidated city, state portion of American Indian and Alaska Native area, and county portion of American Indian and Alaska Native area. Area characteristics such as land area, water area, latitude, and longitude are provided. Summary statistics are provided for all persons, for persons 18 years old and over, and for housing units in the geographic areas. Counts by race and by Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin are also recorded.

Series: Census of Population and Housing, 1990 [United States] Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download the data.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Alabama - Download All Files (55,798 KB)
Data:
DS2:  Alaska - Download All Files (16,304 KB)
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DS4:  Arizona - Download All Files (39,806 KB)
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DS5:  Arkansas - Download All Files (46,260 KB)
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DS6:  California - Download All Files (130,627 KB)
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DS8:  Colorado - Download All Files (43,319 KB)
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DS9:  Connecticut - Download All Files (25,730 KB)
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DS10:  Delaware - Download All Files (15,941 KB)
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DS11:  District of Columbia - Download All Files (13,156 KB)
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DS12:  Florida - Download All Files (94,718 KB)
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DS13:  Georgia - Download All Files (64,821 KB)
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DS15:  Hawaii - Download All Files (15,491 KB)
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DS16:  Idaho - Download All Files (26,822 KB)
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DS17:  Illinois - Download All Files (92,629 KB)
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DS18:  Indiana - Download All Files (64,072 KB)
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DS19:  Iowa - Download All Files (51,252 KB)
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DS20:  Kansas - Download All Files (54,147 KB)
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DS21:  Kentucky - Download All Files (44,043 KB)
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DS22:  Louisiana - Download All Files (49,569 KB)
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DS23:  Maine - Download All Files (25,256 KB)
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DS24:  Maryland - Download All Files (32,797 KB)
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DS25:  Massachusetts - Download All Files (41,211 KB)
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DS26:  Michigan - Download All Files (79,048 KB)
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DS27:  Minnesota - Download All Files (58,033 KB)
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DS28:  Mississippi - Download All Files (41,609 KB)
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DS29:  Missouri - Download All Files (65,873 KB)
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DS30:  Montana - Download All Files (27,171 KB)
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DS31:  Nebraska - Download All Files (40,324 KB)
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DS32:  Nevada - Download All Files (20,468 KB)
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DS33:  New Hampshire - Download All Files (20,491 KB)
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DS34:  New Jersey - Download All Files (49,815 KB)
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DS35:  New Mexico - Download All Files (32,471 KB)
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DS36:  New York - Download All Files (93,379 KB)
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DS37:  North Carolina - Download All Files (70,716 KB)
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DS38:  North Dakota - Download All Files (33,146 KB)
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DS39:  Ohio - Download All Files (76,799 KB)
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DS40:  Oklahoma - Download All Files (54,287 KB)
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DS41:  Oregon - Download All Files (38,075 KB)
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DS42:  Pennsylvania - Download All Files (99,173 KB)
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DS44:  Rhode Island - Download All Files (17,267 KB)
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DS45:  South Carolina - Download All Files (48,313 KB)
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DS46:  South Dakota - Download All Files (29,658 KB)
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DS47:  Tennessee - Download All Files (56,958 KB)
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DS48:  Texas - Download All Files (143,275 KB)
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DS49:  Utah - Download All Files (24,268 KB)
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DS50:  Vermont - Download All Files (17,736 KB)
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DS51:  Virginia - Download All Files (51,219 KB)
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DS53:  Washington - Download All Files (45,914 KB)
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DS54:  West Virginia - Download All Files (30,853 KB)
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DS55:  Wisconsin - Download All Files (60,497 KB)
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DS56:  Wyoming - Download All Files (25,435 KB)
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DS83:  SPSS Control Cards for All Parts - Download All Files (11,645 KB)
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DS84:  SAS Control Cards for All Parts - Download All Files (11,645 KB)
Data:

Study Description

Citation

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1990 [UNITED STATES]: PUBLIC LAW (P.L.) 94-171 DATA (ONE-HALF SAMPLE ADJUSTED REDISTRICTING FILE). Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09783.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census data, census divisions, demographic characteristics, election districts, ethnicity, Hispanic origins, household composition, housing, housing conditions, legislative districts, population, race, redistricting, states (USA)

Geographic Coverage:   Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington

Time Period:  

  • 1990

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990

Universe:   All persons and housing units in the United States.

Data Types:   census data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Census tracts and block groups are not included in these files. (2) These data files were obtained from the United States House of Representatives, who received them from the Census Bureau accompanied by the following caveats: "The numbers contained herein are not official 1990 decennial Census counts. The numbers represent estimates of the population based on a statistical adjustment method applied to the official 1990 Census figures using a sample survey intended to measure overcount or undercount in the Census results. On July 15, 1991, the Secretary of Commerce decided not to adjust the official 1990 decennial Census counts (see 56 Fed. Reg. 33582, July 22, 1991). In reaching his decision, the Secretary determined that there was not sufficient evidence that the adjustment method accurately distributed the population across and within states. The numbers contained in these tapes, which had to be produced prior to the Secretary's decision, are now known to be biased. Moreover, the tapes do not satisfy standards for the publication of Federal statistics, as established in Statistical Policy Directive No. 2, 1978, Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards. Accordingly, the Department of Commerce deems that these numbers cannot be used for any purpose that legally requires use of data from the decennial Census and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of the data for any purpose whatsoever. The Department will provide no assistance in interpretation or use of these numbers."

Methodology

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 84 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 83 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

Utilities

Metadata Exports

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