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Compilation of Afrobarometer Round I Survey in 12 Countries: Botswana, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, 1999-2001 (ICPSR 4170)

Principal Investigator(s): Bratton, Michael, Michigan State University; Gyimah-Boadi, E., Center for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana); Mattes, Robert, Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA)


The Afrobarometer project assesses attitudes toward democracy, markets, and society in several sub-Saharan African countries. This dataset was compiled from the studies in Round 1 of the Afrobarometer, conducted from 1999-2001 in 12 African countries. Certain questions addressed country-specific issues, but many questions were asked in every survey. Respondents were queried on the politics, educational standards, and economics of their respective countries. Specific questions addressed their satisfaction with the current form of government, the extent of the government's power, the names of government officials, their trust in political and governmental officials and institutions, and comparisons between the current government and the former government. Other relevant questions focused on the meaning of democracy and its applications, the development of the country, political corruption, and the rating of and satisfaction with the respective country's economy. Respondents were polled on a range of social and quality of life issues. They were asked with which groups they identified, the source or sources of their current event information and news, and the frequency of occasions they had gone without necessities like food, money, and shelter. Demographic variables include age, country, district, education, languages spoken, occupation, party affiliation, political party, urban versus rural living environment, primary language, and whether the respondent voted in prior elections.

Series: Afrobarometer Survey Series

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Study Description


Bratton, Michael, E. Gyimah-Boadi, and Robert Mattes. COMPILATION OF AFROBAROMETER ROUND I SURVEY IN 12 COUNTRIES: BOTSWANA, GHANA, LESOTHO, MALAWI, MALI, NAMIBIA, NIGERIA, SOUTH AFRICA, TANZANIA, UGANDA, ZAMBIA, AND ZIMBABWE, 1999-2001. ICPSR-04170-v1. Accra, Ghana: Center for Democratic Development in Ghana/Namibia: Institute for Public Policy Research/Uganda: Wilsken Agencies (Uganda) Ltd./Lusaka, Zambia: University of Zambia/Tanzania: Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA)/Mali: African Workers Participation Development Program (PADEP)/Lesotho: Sechaba Consultants/South Africa: Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA)/Zimbabwe: University of Zimbabwe/Lagos, Nigeria: Research and Marketing Services/Gaborone, Botswana: University of Botswana [producers], 2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-05-23. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04170.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04170.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    democracy, economic development, government, government corruption, government officials, government performance, health, identity, markets, national interests, political attitudes, political corruption, political participation, political systems, public opinion, social attitudes, trust in government

Geographic Coverage:    Africa, Botswana, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1999--2001

Date of Collection:   

  • 1999--2001

Unit of Observation:    Individuals

Universe:    Citizens of Botswana, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe of voting age (usually 18 years and older).

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Additional information on Afrobarometer research projects is provided on the Afrobarometer Web site. (2) In most cases, the dataset only includes those questions/variables that were asked in nine or more countries. (3) In the seven countries that originally formed the Southern Africa Barometer (SAB), Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, a standardized questionnaire was used. As a result, question wording and response categories are generally the same in the questionnaires for the previously mentioned countries. Also, the questionnaires in Mali and Tanzania were nearly identical to each other (in the original English version). Ghana, Uganda, and Nigeria each had distinct questionnaires. (4) The dataset combines, into a single variable, responses from across the different countries where either identical or very similar questions were used, or where conceptually equivalent questions can be found in at least nine of the different countries. For each variable, the exact question text from each of the countries or groups of countries is provided in the PDF documentation.


Sample:    Multistage, stratified, clustered national probability sample

Mode of Data Collection:    personal interviews

Response Rates:    Approximately 90 percent


Original ICPSR Release:   2005-05-23

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