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Detroit Area Study, 2004 (ICPSR 23820)

Principal Investigator(s):


The 2004 Detroit Area Study (DAS) is a face-to-face survey of adults in the Detroit, Michigan tri-county area. Topics in this survey addressed racial issues, residence and housing, neighborhood evaluations, racial attitudes, labor market issues, and racial segregation in the Detroit area. Respondents were asked for their opinions of local communities, their experiences searching for housing, feelings about possible relocation, and opinions on the redevelopment of neighborhoods in the city of Detroit. Other questions addressed the household's financial situation, home ownership, amount of household debts and assets, and history of receiving public assistance. Information was also collected on the types of schools children in the household attended, whether respondents and their parents were born in the United States, and languages spoken at home. Interviewer observations about the condition of the respondent's neighborhood were also included. Demographic variables include respondent's sex, age, marital/cohabitation status, United States citizenship status, political philosophy, household income, number of children in the household, and the race, ethnicity, education level, and employment status of respondents and their spouses or partners.

More information about the Detroit Area Studies Project is available on this Web site.

Series: Detroit Area Studies Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


Dataset - Download All Files (17.9 MB)
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Study Description


Farley, Reynolds, Maria Krysan, and Mick P. Couper. Detroit Area Study, 2004. ICPSR23820-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-04-09. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR23820.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • University of Michigan. College of Literature, Science, and the Arts
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center
  • Ford Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   attitudes, cities, communities, economic behavior, families, family life, housing, housing conditions, housing costs, housing needs, neighborhood conditions, neighborhoods, public assistance programs, racial attitudes, real estate, residential segregation

Geographic Coverage:   Detroit, Michigan, United States

Time Period:  

  • 2004

Date of Collection:  

  • 2004-04-03--2004-10-31

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Adults aged 21 years or older living in households in the Detroit, Michigan tri-county area of Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne counties.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The data available for download are not weighted and users will need to weight the data prior to analysis.

Additional information about sampling, interviewing, sampling error, and weighting may be found in the codebook.

The dataset includes many variables which are only applicable to the Chicago Area Study, which was done concurrently with the Detroit Area Study. In addition, the original codebook documentation for the 2004 Detroit Area Study includes descriptions of variables that are not included in the data file received by ICPSR, including some Census variables created by the principal investigators. Variables that are in the data file are included in the "ICPSR Variable Description and Frequencies" section of the codebook.

ICPSR created a unique sequential record identifier variable named CASEID.

The formats of weight and character variables were changed in order to be compatible with current statistical programs.

To protect respondent confidentiality, potentially identifying information in open-ended responses were blanked in variables B_3_City, B_4_Other, B_16, B_13_Other, C_6_Other, C_20_OTHER, G_6_Other, J_4_Other, K_4_OTHER, K_20, K_25, K_28_Other, K_29_Other, K_35_Other, and K_37_OTHER.

Missing values were recoded and standardized to be compatible with current statistical programs and may differ from those listed in the codebook documentation.

Variable labels and value labels were added to several variables. Variables E_3_DK_V1, E_4_DK_V1, E_5_DK_V1, etc. are follow-up questions to variables E_3_V1, E_4_V1, E_5_V1, respectively. For the value labels of the follow-up questions, please refer to the scales used in the previous questions.


Sample:   A stratified multistage area probability sample was drawn from the DAS master sample of the Detroit area. At the first stage, area segments were selected with probability proportionate to size (PPS) with measures of size (MOS) based on the number of households using data from the 2000 United States Census data for Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb counties. Interviewers made face-to-face contact with sample households and took a household listing. One adult household member (21 years or older) was randomly chosen as the respondent, using a Kish table. Please refer to the codebook documentation for additional information on sampling.

Weight:   The data are not weighted and users should weight the data prior to analysis. The data contain two weight variables: CASDAS_SAMPLEWGT (combined normalized sample weights) and CASDAS_POP_WGT (combined population weights).

Mode of Data Collection:   computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted self interview (CASI), face-to-face interview, paper and pencil interview (PAPI)

Response Rates:   The overall response rate was 60 percent.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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