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Census of Governments, 1997: Finance Statistics (ICPSR 4423)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
The United States Census Bureau conducts a Census of Governments every five years, in years ending in "2" or "7," to collect information about governments in the United States. The Finance Statistics branch of the 1997 Census of Governments describes the revenues, expenditures, debt, and assets of state and local governments. This data collection includes nine datasets, including individual unit data, county area data, and summaries by type-of-government (including several state summaries by individual types of governments). This data was collected for the individual government fiscal years that ended between July 1, 1996 and June 30, 1997.
Series: Census of Governments Series
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United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments, 1997: Finance Statistics. ICPSR04423-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-05-15. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04423.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04423.v2
Scope of Study
Smallest Geographic Unit: FIPS Place Code
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: local governments, state governments
Universe: State and local governments in the United States
Data Types: census/enumeration data
Data Collection Notes:
For additional information on the Census of Government, 1997: Finance, please refer to the Census Web site.
Study Purpose: The purpose of the Finance Statistics branch of the Census of Governments is to provide comprehensive statistical information about state and local government economic activity.
Time Method: Cross-sectional
Weight: Part 2 (Individual Governments Integrated Directory Data File) and Part 3 (Final Version Individual Governments Restructured Data File with Added Identifiers) contain a weight variable (WEIGHT) that should be used in analysis.
Mode of Data Collection: mail questionnaire
The data collection phase for the annual survey made use of two methods to obtain data: mail canvass and central collection from State sources. In about 30 states, all or part of the data for local governments was obtained from cooperative arrangements between the Census Bureau and a state government agency. These usually involved a data collection effort carried out to meet the needs of both agencies -- the state agency for purposes of audit, oversight, or information, and the Census Bureau for statistical purposes.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2008-01-14
- 2014-05-15 SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. Additionally, a codebook has been created.
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