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Census of Governments, 1997: Finance Statistics (ICPSR 4423)

Principal Investigator(s):


The United States Census Bureau conducts a Census of Governments every five years, in years ending in "2" or "7," to collect information about governments in the United States. The Finance Statistics branch of the 1997 Census of Governments describes the revenues, expenditures, debt, and assets of state and local governments. This data collection includes nine datasets, including individual unit data, county area data, and summaries by type-of-government (including several state summaries by individual types of governments). This data was collected for the individual government fiscal years that ended between July 1, 1996 and June 30, 1997.

Series: Census of Governments Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Individual Governments Data File - Download All Files (327.5 MB) large dataset
DS2:  Individual Governments Integrated Directory Data File - Download All Files (59.8 MB)
DS3:  Final Version Individual Governments Restructured Data File with Added Identifiers - Download All Files (1,242.9 MB) large dataset
DS4:  County Area Data File - Download All Files (64.1 MB)
DS5:  County Area Governments Integrated Directory Data File - Download All Files (5.6 MB)
DS6:  Final Version County Area Restructured Data File with Added Identifiers - Download All Files (40.8 MB)
DS7:  State by Type-of-Government Detail Data File - Download All Files (17.1 MB)
DS8:  State Governments Integrated Directory Data File - Download All Files (4.7 MB)
DS9:  Final Version State Summaries by Type-of-Government Restructured Data File with Added Identifiers - Download All Files (17.2 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments, 1997: Finance Statistics. ICPSR04423-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research[distributor], 2014-05-15. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04423.v2

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census, census data, debt, economic activity, finance, government, government expenditures, government revenues, government spending, local government, state government

Smallest Geographic Unit:   FIPS Place Code

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1996-07-01--1997-06-30

Date of Collection:  

  • 1996-07-01--1997-06-30

Unit of Observation:   local governments, state governments

Universe:   State and local governments in the United States

Data Types:   census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

For additional information on the Census of Government, 1997: Finance, please refer to the Census Web site.


Study Purpose:   The purpose of the Finance Statistics branch of the Census of Governments is to provide comprehensive statistical information about state and local government economic activity.

Time Method:   Cross-sectional

Weight:   Part 2 (Individual Governments Integrated Directory Data File) and Part 3 (Final Version Individual Governments Restructured Data File with Added Identifiers) contain a weight variable (WEIGHT) that should be used in analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:   mail questionnaire

Data Source:

The data collection phase for the annual survey made use of two methods to obtain data: mail canvass and central collection from State sources. In about 30 states, all or part of the data for local governments was obtained from cooperative arrangements between the Census Bureau and a state government agency. These usually involved a data collection effort carried out to meet the needs of both agencies -- the state agency for purposes of audit, oversight, or information, and the Census Bureau for statistical purposes.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2014-05-15 SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. Additionally, a codebook has been created.

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