Investigator(s): Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) was administered for the first time in 1997 by the United States Bureau of the Census for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The CJRP provides a detailed picture of juveniles in custody and asks juvenile residential custody facilities in the United States to describe each youth assigned a bed in the facility on the specified reference date. The CJRP reference date was generally the fourth Wednesday in October. Characteristics of the facility, treatment services, and facility population are also collected. Some state and regional agencies provide CJRP data for more than one facility under their jurisdiction. The CJRP facility inclusion criteria are: (1) residential facilities in operation on the census reference date, (2) public or private (or tribal since 1999) operation, and (3) intended for juvenile offenders (although some hold adults as well). Specifically excluded are: nonresidential facilities; detention centers operated as part of adult jails; facilities exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or for abused or neglected children; foster homes; and federal correctional facilities (e.g., Immigration and Naturalization Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, United States Marshalls, or Bureau of Prisons). Inclusion criteria for individual-level data are: (1) youth under age 21, (2) assigned a bed in a residential facility at the end of the day on the census reference day, (3) charged with an offense or court-adjudicated for an offense, (4) and in residential placement because of that offense.
Years Produced: Biennially since 1997, in odd-numbered years. (Note: The 2005 data collection was conducted in February 2006.)
National Juvenile Corrections Data Summary
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention sponsored three series of national juvenile corrections data collections:
- Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities Series,
- Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) Series, and the
- Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series.
The CJRP was administered for the first time in 1997. The CJRP replaced the Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities (formerly called the Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census series and also known as the Children in Custody (CIC) census), which had been conducted since the early 1970s. The CJRP differs fundamentally from CIC in that the CIC collected aggregate data on juveniles held in each facility (e.g., number of juveniles in the facility) and the CJRP collects an individual record on each juvenile held in the residential facility to provide a detailed picture of juveniles in custody. The companion data collection to CJRP, the JRFC, is designed to collect information about the facilities in which juvenile offenders are held.
ICPSR merged data from the CJRP series with data from the JRFC series. These studies are included in the Matched Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP)/Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series.