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Afrobarometer Round 3: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in 18 African Countries, 2005-2006 (ICPSR 22981)
Principal Investigator(s): Bratton, Michael, Michigan State University; Gyimah-Boadi, E., Ghana Center for Democratic Development; Mattes, Robert, University of Cape Town
The Afrobarometer project was designed to assess attitudes toward democracy, governance, economic reform, quality of life, and civil society in several Sub-Saharan African nations, and to track the evolution of such attitudes in those nations over time. This particular survey was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of 18 countries: Benin, Botswana, Cape Verde, Ghana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Respondents in a face-to-face interview were asked to rate their presidents' and the presidents' administration's overall performance, to state the most important issues facing the nation, and to evaluate the effectiveness of certain continental and international institutions. Opinions were gathered on the role of the government in improving the economy, whether corruption existed in local and national government, whether government officials were responsive to problems of the general population, and whether local government officials, the police, the courts, the overall criminal justice system, the media, the National Electoral Commission, and the government broadcasting service could be trusted. Respondents were polled on their knowledge of the government, including the identification of government officials, their level of personal involvement in political, governmental, and community affairs, their participation in national elections, the inclusiveness of the government, and the identification of causes of conflict and resources which may aid in the resolution of conflict. Economic questions addressed the past, present, and future of the country's and the respondent's economic condition, and whether great income disparities were fair. Societal questions were asked of respondents concerning the meaning of being "poor" and "rich", monetary support systems, personal responsibility for success or failure, characteristics used in self-identification, methods for securing food, water, schooling, medical services, news and information, the ease of obtaining assistance for certain services, and whether problems existed with school and the local public clinic or hospital. Background variables include age, gender, ethnicity, education, religious affiliation and participation, political party affiliation, language spoken most at home, whether the respondent was the head of household, current and past employment status, whether a close friend or relative had died from AIDS, language used in interview, and type of physical disability, if any. In addition, demographic information pertaining to the interviewer is provided, as well as their response to the interview and observations of the respondent's attitude during the interview and of the interview environment.
Series: Afrobarometer Survey Series
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.To protect respondent privacy, certain identifying variables are restricted from general dissemination. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete an Agreement for the Use of Confidential Data, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR Restricted Data Contract Portal, which can be accessed via the study home page.
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Bratton, Michael, E. Gyimah-Boadi, and Robert Mattes. Afrobarometer Round 3: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in 18 African Countries, 2005-2006. ICPSR22981-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-08-11. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22981.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22981.v1
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: democracy, economic conditions, government, government performance, information source, markets, national interests, political attitudes, political change, political corruption, political participation, political systems, presidential performance, presidents, public confidence, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, standard of living, trust in government
Smallest Geographic Unit: county
Geographic Coverage: Africa, Benin, Botswana, Cape Verde, Ghana, Global, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: All adult citizens residing in 18 African nations.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook and the setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many African languages.
To preserve respondent confidentiality, variable DISTRICT has been recoded to "BLANKED", variable REGION has been recoded to '999' "BLANKED" for Botswana only, and variable Q1 has been top coded at 75 in the public-use version of this collection.
In producing the full product-suite of files, variables DATEINTR, STRTIME, and ENDTIME have been changed from date to string variables. As a result, they have moved from their original positions in the data file to the end of the variable list.
In this collection, many variables have response categories with longer value labels in the codebook, as compared to those found in the data. Please refer to the codebook for full value labels. Also, some variable and value labels in the codebook do not fully correspond to those found in the data.
For some countries, open-end responses in the data file included with this collection are only available in an non-English language specific to that country (e.g., French, Portuguese, etc.).
Q3, Q86, Q91, Q95, and Q103: Some response categories and value labels appear to be duplicate. Please note that the responses for these variables are country-specific.
Additional information about the Afrobarometer Survey can be found at the Afrobarometer Web site.
Sample: The sample is designed as a representative cross-section of all citizens of voting age in a given country. The goal is to give every adult citizen an equal and known chance of selection for interview. This objective was reached by (a) strictly applying random selection methods at every stage of sampling and by (b) applying sampling with probability proportionate to population size wherever possible. A randomly selected sample of 1,200 cases allows inferences to national adult populations with a margin of sampling error of no more than plus or minus 2.5 percent with a confidence level of 95 percent. If the sample size is increased to 2,400, the confidence interval shrinks to plus or minus 2 percent.
Weight: Please review the ICPSR codebook for information in regard to weighting.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview
Response Rates: The response rate varies by country.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2009-08-11
Related Publications (see Notes)
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