National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Alternate Title: CJSTA 2005
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
The Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) Civil Justice Survey of Trials on Appeal (CJSTA) was based on 26,950 general civil (i.e., tort, contract, and real property) cases that were disposed by bench or jury trial in 156 counties participating in the 2005 Civil Justice Survey of State Courts (ICPSR 23862). Subsequently, 3,970 of those cases were appealed to 84 appellate courts in 35 states. This data collection examines civil bench and jury trials concluded in state trial courts in 2005 that were appealed to an intermediate appellate court or court of last resort. It is the first report based on data collected in the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) Civil Justice Survey of Trials on Appeal (CJSTA). The CJSTA included information from court records on civil trials concluded in 2005 and tracked the subsequent appeals from 2005 through March 2010. Information collected included the types of civil cases appealed, appeals dismissed or withdrawn before being decided on the merits, and appeals resulting in the trial court decision being reversed or affirmed. The time from the filing of an appeal to final appellate court disposition was also measured.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. Authentication is required to apply for access.
Access to one or more files in this study is restricted. Users interesting in obtaining these data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Civil Justice Survey of Trials on Appeal, 2005. ICPSR32501-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-01-10. doi:10.3886/ICPSR32501.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32501.v1
Scope of Study
Smallest Geographic Unit: state
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: Appellate court cases
Universe: Tort, contract, and real property trials disposed in a national sample of counties in 2005 that were subsequently appealed to an intermediate appellate court or court of last resort.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Study Design: The CJSTA tracked every general civil case concluded by bench or jury trial in 2005 in the 156 surveyed counties that were subsequently appealed to an intermediate appellate court or court of last resort. Of the 8,872 general civil cases concluded, plaintiffs and defendants filed 1,439 appeals in 61 intermediate appellate courts and 77 appeals in 23 courts of last resort for a total of 1,516 appeals.
You can find more information via the sample characteristics utility:
Weight: The data contains several analysis weights. BWGT0 is the weight used to produce national level estimates of tort, contract, and real property trials concluded in 2005 that were subsequently appealed to an intermediate appellate court or court of last resort. Replicate weights: The data set contains 132 replicate weight variables (BWGT1 to BWGT132) appropriate for calculating sampling errors and confidence intervals using WESTVAR PC. The replicate weights were created using the jackknife method and the user must specify the JKn variance estimation procedure when using WESTVAR PC.
standard coding forms completed by court staff
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2012-01-10
- 2012-01-10 Minor edits were made to the documentation.
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