World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series

Investigator(s): Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

A major purpose of this data series was to determine worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending and to provide a basis for comparison with other economic information. The series supplies data on member countries of the United Nations as well as members of regional alliances or organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the former Warsaw Pact, the World Bank, and members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). The data for the series were originally collected by the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. The original Agency publications were transposed to yield the time series data collections. Information in earlier publications was updated in subsequent collections. In earlier files, the unit of analysis was the country-year, but later files also added country as a unit of analysis. The standard three-digit numeric country code developed by Bruce M. Russett, David J. Singer, and Melvin Small, and a three-character alphabetic country code used by Charles McClelland in the World Events Interaction Survey project were assigned to each country in the data files.

Most Recent Studies

Related Publications ?

Most Recent Publications

2001
Lebovic, James H. Spending priorities and democratic rule in Latin America. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 45, (4), 427-452.
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1999
Lebovic, James H. Using military spending data: The complexity of simple inference. Journal of Peace Research. 36, (6), 681-697.
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1999
Leeds, Brett Ashley . Domestic Political Institutions, Credible Commitments, and International Cooperation. American Journal of Political Science. 43, (4), 979-1002.
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1999
Sun, Qian,  Yu, Qiao . Determinants of China's Military Expenditures: 1965-93. Journal of Peace Research. 36, (1), 23-33.
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1998
Lebovic, James H. Consider the Course: Organizational Bias in Estimates of Foreign Military Spending. International Studies Quarterly. 42, (1), 161-174.
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1996
Kollias, Christos G. The Greek-Turkish Conflict and Greek Military Expenditure, 1960-1992. Journal of Peace Research. 33, (2), 217-228.
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1995
(author unknown) . World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1993-1994. Washington, DC: United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
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1995
Stork, Joe . The Middle East arms bazaar after the Gulf War. Middle East Report. 197, 17-19.
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1994
(author unknown) . World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1991-1992. Washington, DC: United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
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1994
Abell, John D. Military Spending and Income Inequality. Journal of Peace Research. 31, (1), 35-43.
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