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Pub. Type:
Report
Title:
Relationship of Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime to the Changing Ecological Structure of the City
Subtitle/Series Name:
Abstract:
The analysis focuses on the relationship of demographic, housing, and institutional variables to indexes of crime and delinquency over time. Analysis of data for the 1970's shows a clear relationship between ecological characteristics and crime rates and patterns. Neighborhood socioeconomic status was found to be an important overall influence. Racial composition was related only to offenses against persons, while high residential land use was associated with low offense rates but a high rate of offenses against persons and status offenses. High target density was associated with crimes against property. However, comparisons with the 1950's and 1960's patterns show chanqes in the relationship between ecological structures and delinquency and crime during the periods that the city experienced a transition from generally low to high rates. For example, residential land use was associated with rates for all three decades, while the effects of housing quality and target density were less consistent. Nonetheless, a combination of ecological characteristics and prior delinquency and crime in neighborhoods was found to explain most of the variance in neighborhood rates in the 1970's. source
Issue/No.:
NCJ 100167
Producer:
United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice
Place of Production:
Washington, DC

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