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Deviant behavior is socially and culturally defined. Behaviors considered deviant in one society may be viewed as quite harmless in another. A behavior may even be defined as deviant when one type of person does it, but not when another type of person does. In the United States, gambling is subject to similar socially constructed definitions of deviance. Gambling is closely regulated by the state and legalized forms of gambling are often considered socially acceptable, while illegal forms are not. Gambling is most often considered deviant when it is taken to extremes; compulsive or problem gambling, like substance abuse, is stigmatized in the United States.
The goal of this exercise is to explore gambling behavior and characteristics of gamblers in the United States. Frequencies, crosstabulation, and bar charts will be used. This exercise will also illustrate the role of confounding variables in statistical relationships.
This publication is related to the following dataset(s):