Principal Investigator(s): Angel, Ronald, University of Texas-Austin. Population Research Center; Burton, Linda, Pennsylvania State University. Population Research Institute; Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay, University of Chicago. Population Research Center; Cherlin, Andrew, Johns Hopkins University. Hopkins Population Center; Moffitt, Robert, Johns Hopkins University. Hopkins Population Center
This data collection is the third wave of an intensive study in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio, which was initiated to assess the well-being of low-income children and families in the post-welfare reform era. The project investigates the strategies families have used to respond to reform, in terms of employment, schooling or other forms of training, residential mobility, and fertility. Central to this project is a focus on how these strategies affect children's lives, with an emphasis on their health and development as well as their need for, and use of, social services. For the first wave of the study, between March 1999 and December 1999, a random sample of approximately 2,400 households with children in low-income neighborhoods in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio were selected for interviews. Forty percent of the families interviewed were receiving cash welfare payments at the time of the interview. Each household had a child aged 0 to 4 or aged 10 to 14 at the time of the interview. The child and the child's primary female caregiver are the focus of the study. Extensive baseline information was gathered at the initial personal interview with the caregivers, tested younger children were assessed, and older children were interviewed. All interviews were conducted in-person using a computerized instrument. The third wave of data collection took place between February 2005 and January 2006, when the focal children were aged 5 to 10 or aged 15 to 20. Between May 2005 and May 2006, interviews were conducted with the teachers of the focal children.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.
This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, Parts 1, 2, and 3 of the Three Cities data files are restricted from general dissemination. To obtain these restricted files, researchers must agree to the terms and conditions of a Restricted Data Use Agreement in accordance with existing DSDR and ICPSR servicing policies. A Restricted Data Use Agreement is available for download on the download page associated with this data collection. Part 24 is enclave-only, and may only be accessed on-site at ICPSR.
WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.
Angel, Ronald, Linda Burton, P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Andrew Cherlin, and Robert Moffitt. Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study. ICPSR04701-v7. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-02-10. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04701.v7
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04701.v7
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R01 HD036093 )
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: adolescents, child development, child rearing, child support, delinquent behavior, domestic violence, education, family background, family relationships, family size, family structure, fathers, health, health status, home environment, housing, income, job history, mothers, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhood conditions, occupational categories, parent child relationship, parental attitudes, physical characteristics, pregnancy, schools, self concept, self esteem, sexual behavior, single mothers, social networks, welfare services
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: Families with incomes less than 200 percent of the government poverty line living in Boston, San Antonio, and Chicago.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The teacher interview data are restricted and available only onsite through the ICPSR Data Enclave.
Sample: Between March 1999 and December 1999 a random sample of approximately 2,400 households with children in low-income neighborhoods in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio were interviewed. Forty percent of the families interviewed were receiving cash welfare payments at the time of the interview. Each household had a child aged 0 to 4 or aged 10 to 14 at the time of the interview.
Mode of Data Collection: computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), face-to-face interview, telephone interview
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed consistency checks.
- Standardized missing values.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2007-08-17
- 2012-10-04 The codebook and documentation for Parts 1, 2, and 3 were made restricted. The codebooks for Parts 5 and 6 were updated, specifically to revise the titles for each codebook.
- 2009-02-10 Added enclave-only data in the form of teacher surveys.
- 2008-10-13 SAS and Stata syntax files have been added that convert variable names in data files from previous waves to variable names that are consistent with the data files that ICPSR has released.
- 2008-07-31 Principal primary investigators provided variable construction documentation files for Wave 1 and Wave 2 data.
- 2008-07-08 Public and restricted versions are now available for Wave 1 and Wave 2.
- 2008-07-03 SPSS syntax files added that convert variable names in data files from previous waves to variable names that are consistent with the data files that ICPSR has released.
- 2007-11-06 Public versions are now available for the three restricted data versions previously released: Focal Child Interview Data, Continuing and New Caregiver Interview Data, and Separated Caregiver Interview Data. The primary investigator also deposited two datasets that include additional child age information detail.
- List all ~241 citations associated with this study
Most Recent Publications
- Citations exports are provided above.
Export Study-level metadata (does not include variable-level metadata)
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.