Racial Neighborhood Inequality in the United States, 1980-2010 (ICPSR 36626)

Principal Investigator(s): Firebaugh, Glenn, The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute; Farrell, Chad, University of Alaska - Anchorage

Summary:

This project examined economic differences in the neighborhoods where whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians live in the U.S. Although it is commonly believed that blacks and Hispanics generally live in neighborhoods where poverty rates are higher than they are in the neighborhoods where whites and Asians live, very little research has tracked the change in racial disparities in neighborhood conditions over time. In prior research, this project's investigators found that racial differences in neighborhood economic conditions have diminished in the U.S. Since 1980 the decline in racial neighborhood inequality has been much faster than the decline in racial residential segregation. Because prior research on neighborhoods has focused on change in the residential segregation of different racial and ethnic groups, the trend in racial neighborhood inequality has been largely overlooked, and its causes are unknown. The objective of this project is to account for the decline in racial neighborhood inequality by investigating why it has declined faster in some metropolitan areas than in others.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  RNI Metro - Download All Files (5.717 MB)
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DS2:  RNI Tract - Download All Files (44.825 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description

Citation

Firebaugh, Glenn, and Chad Farrell. Racial Neighborhood Inequality in the United States, 1980-2010. ICPSR36626-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-11-03. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36626.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36626.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (BCS 1260362)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    economic change, income distribution, metropolitan statistical areas, neighborhood characteristics, poverty, race, segregation

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1980--2010

Unit of Observation:    Metropolitan Area

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

These data are being released in BETA version to facilitate early access to the study for research purposes. This collection has not been fully processed by DSDR or ICPSR at this time; the original materials provided by the principal investigator were only converted to other file types for ease of use.

Data for both datasets originated from the US Census. Please note, however, that the tract numbers contained in dataset 2 (RNI Tract) have been anonymized.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The objective of this project is to account for the decline in racial neighborhood inequality by investigating why it has declined faster in some metropolitan areas than in others. The investigators theorize that this largely-unnoticed decline in racial neighborhood inequality is attributable to the rising importance of income and the declining importance of race as factors influencing where people reside.

Weight:    The data are not weighted.

Data Source:

U.S. Census

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-11-03

Variables

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