Four Generations: Population, Land, and Family in Colonial Andover, Massachusetts, 1630-1750 (ICPSR 35070)

Principal Investigator(s): Greven, Philip J., Rutgers University

Summary:

The data are drawn from 28 families who were the first permanent European settlers in Andover, Massachusetts, and their progeny for three generations, reconstituted by Philip J. Greven for his PhD dissertation, Four Generations: A Study of Family Structure, Inheritance, and Mobility in Andover, Massachusetts, 1630-1750 (Harvard University, 1965). Greven used manuscript records of vital events, printed volumes of vital records, and published genealogies, supplemented with municipal and church records, gravestones, court records, and family records, following the methods developed in previous French and English work (e.g. Fleury, M. and L. Henry, Nouveau manuel de dépouillement et d'exploitation de l'état civil ancient (1965) and Wrigley, E.A, "Family Reconstitution," in E.A. Wrigley, ed. An Introduction to English Historical Demography (1966). Family reconstitution is a method for studying demographic behavior in the absence of modern censuses and vital registration, providing for both observation of demographic events as well as the population and time at risk. The data were collected to study population, land and the family for four generations in Andover, Massachusetts during the 17th and 18th centuries. The data include information on 455 marriages and 2,727 children, some of whom also appear as adults in the marriage records. The data on couples focus on demographic details for mothers and fathers, including birth, baptism, marriage, and death dates, and residence. The data on children include demographic information for the child, as well as their own marriages. Not all families have complete information. Greven's original Family Reconsitution Records were transcribed at ICPSR.

Series: Historical Demography Longitudinal Data Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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    This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Andover Parents Data - Download All Files (5.477 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Andover Kids Data - Download All Files (6.839 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS3:  IDS Individual Table - Download All Files (4.659 MB)
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DS4:  IDS Individual to Individual Table - Download All Files (3.558 MB)
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DS5:  IDS Metadata
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No downloadable data files available.
DS6:  IDS Entity Mapping - Download All Files (2.907 MB)
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DS7:  IDS Relationship Mapping - Download All Files (2.901 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Greven, Philip J. Four Generations: Population, Land, and Family in Colonial Andover, Massachusetts, 1630-1750. ICPSR35070-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-06-20. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35070.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35070.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    birth, children, demography, families, family histories, family relationships, fertility, marriage, mortality rates, parents

Smallest Geographic Unit:    town

Geographic Coverage:    Andover, Massachusetts, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1630--1750

Unit of Observation:    Family (not necessarily co-resident)

Universe:    The original European settlers of Andover, Massachusetts and their descendants.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

The IDS Metadata file (DS5) is currently unavailable for download. This collection will be updated to include the IDS Metadata file when it is received.

ICPSR is distributing the Andover family demography data in two formats: (1) as a standard ICPSR full product suite (including ASCII data files, setup files, and SPSS, SAS, and Stata data files) with datasets in rectangular format; and (2) as Intermediate Data Structure (IDS) formatted files.

IDS files are comma delimited with column headings in the first row; text strings are surrounded by double quotes ("), and some strings include commas (,) and other non-alphanumeric characters. The IDS package consists of two data files (or "tables" in IDS database terminology), including:

  1. An INDIVIDUAL table (35070-0003-Data-indiv.txt) which consists of attributes belonging to a person.
  2. An INDIVIDUAL to INDIVIDUAL table (35070-0004-Data-indiv-indiv.txt) which characterizes relationships between persons.

The IDS formatted files are included to facilitate analyses of the longitudinal data contained within this collection. Filesets 5 through 7 are IDS metadata, entity mapping, and relationship mapping files. For a detailed overview of the IDS table composition, please see the ICPSR Intermediate Data Structure (IDS) Manual.

The ICPSR Codebook features variable descriptions and frequencies for Part 1: Andover Parents Data and Part 2: Andover Kids Data. Parts 3 through 7 are Intermediate Data Structure (IDS) formatted tables and associated documentation, and are not represented in the Variable Description and Frequencies section of the ICPSR Codebook.

The Intermediate Data Structure (IDS) Manual includes descriptions for all IDS table types, including the INDIVIDUAL table, the INDIVIDUAL to INDIVIDUAL table, the CONTEXT table, the INDIVIDUAL to CONTEXT table, and the CONTEXT to CONTEXT table; this release does not include each IDS table type.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The data were collected to study population, land, and the family for four generations in Andover, Massachusetts during the 17th and 18th centuries.

Study Design:    The data are the 28 families who were the first permanent European settlers in Andover, Massachusetts, and their progeny for three generations reconstituted by Philip J. Greven for his PhD dissertation, using manuscript records of vital events, printed volumes of vital records, and published genealogies, supplemented with municipal and church records, gravestones, court records, and family records, and following the methods developed in previous French (M. Fleury and L. Henry) and English work (E.A. Wrigley).

Sample:   

The data were built from the first permanent European settlers, and their descendants were followed for four generations. The methodology and basis for the sampling are discussed in Chapter 1 of Philip J. Greven, Four Generations: Population, Land, and Family in Colonial Andover, Massachusetts (Cornell University Press: Ithaca, NY, 1970).

Time Method:    Longitudinal

Weight:    The data are not weighted.

Mode of Data Collection:    record abstracts

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-06-20

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