Agricultural and Demographic Records for Rural Households in the North, 1860: [Instructional Materials] (ICPSR 3463)

Principal Investigator(s): Oberly, James W., University of Wisconsin - Eau-Claire. Department of History


These instructional materials were prepared for use with AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS FOR HOUSEHOLDS IN THE NORTH, 1860 (ICPSR 7420), compiled by Fred Bateman and James D. Foust. The data file and accompanying documentation are provided to assist educators in (an SPSS portable file) instructing students about the history of agriculture and rural life in the North, just prior to the Civil War. An instructor's handout has also been included. This handout contains the following sections, among others: (1) General goals for student analysis of quantitative datasets, (2) Specific goals in studying this dataset, (3) Suggested appropriate courses for use of the dataset, (4) Tips for using the dataset, and (5) Related secondary source readings. Demographic, occupational, and economic information for over 21,000 rural households in the northern United States in 1860 are presented in the dataset. The data were obtained from the manuscript agricultural and population schedules of the 1860 United States Census and are provided for all households in a single township from each of the 102 randomly-selected counties in 16 northern states. Variables in the dataset include farm values, livestock, and crop production figures for the households that owned or operated farms (over half the households sampled), as well as value of real and personal estate, color, sex, age, literacy, school attendance, occupation, place of birth, and parents' nationality of all individuals residing in the sampled townships.

Access Notes

  • This study is intended for instructional use, and may be subsets of the original data. Variables and/or cases may have been removed to facilitate classroom use.

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Study Description


Oberly, James W. Agricultural and Demographic Records for Rural Households in the North, 1860: [Instructional Materials]. ICPSR03463-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-03-02.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • University of Wisconsin. Office of Professional and Instructional Development

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, counties, crop production, crop value, farm families, farms, historical periods, household income, households, instructional materials, landowners, occupations, property values, real estate, rural areas, rural population

Geographic Coverage:    Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York (state), Ohio, Pennsylvania, United States, Vermont, Wisconsin

Time Period:   

  • 1860

Date of Collection:   

  • 1989--2002

Universe:    956 counties in 20 northern states.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This collection was archived by ICPSR to promote the use of social science data in undergraduate and graduate education through the sharing of faculty-submitted ICPSR data-based instructional materials developed for use in the classroom.


The data are provided as an SPSS portable file, which was created from the ASCII data and SPSS data definition statements files available from ICPSR 7420.


Sample:    The data (AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS FOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN THE NORTH, 1860 [ICPSR 7420]) were collected using a two-stage variable-cluster sample design. A random sample of 102 counties in 16 northern states was drawn. From each of these counties one non-urban township was randomly selected. Census records from all households in the selected townships were included in the study.

Data Source:

manuscript schedules of the 1860 United States Census

Restrictions: At the request of the principal investigator, publications that draw upon the data, AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS FOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN THE NORTH, 1860 (ICPSR 7420), must observe the copyright held by Professors Bateman and Foust.


Original ICPSR Release:   2002-10-17


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