Alameda County [California] Health and Ways of Living Study, 1994 and 1995 Panels (ICPSR 3083)

Principal Investigator(s): Kaplan, George A., California Department of Health Services. Human Population Laboratory


This collection provides a 30-year follow-up with respondents from Alameda County who were originally interviewed in 1965 for the first wave of the Health and Ways of Living Study. The purpose of the survey was to explore the influences of health practices and social relationships on the physical and mental health of a typical sample of the population. The first wave of the study, HEALTH AND WAYS OF LIVING STUDY, 1965 PANEL: [ALAMEDA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA] (ICPSR 6688), collected information for 6,928 respondents (including approximately 500 women aged 65 years and older) on chronic health conditions, health behaviors, social involvements, and psychological characteristics. The second wave, the 1974 panel (ALAMEDA COUNTY [CALIFORNIA] HEALTH AND WAYS OF LIVING STUDY, 1974 PANEL [ICPSR 6838]), collected information from 4,864 of the original respondents. The third and fourth waves (1994 and 1995 panels, respectively), provided in this collection, explore some new topics. The third wave provides a follow-up of 2,729 original 1965 and 1974 respondents and examines health behaviors such as alcohol consumption and smoking habits, along with social activities. Also included is information on health conditions such as diabetes, osteoporosis, hormone replacement, and mental illness. Another central topic investigated is activities of daily living (including self-care such as dressing, eating, and shopping), along with use of free time and level of involvement in social, recreational, religious, and environmental groups. The fourth wave is a follow-up to the 1994 panel, and contains 2,569 cases. This wave examines changes in functional abilities such as self-care activities, employment, involvement in community activities, visiting friends/family, and use of free time since 1994.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

    This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).


DS1:  Wave 3, 1994 Data - Download All Files (31.047 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Wave 4, 1995 Data - Download All Files (4.687 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS3:  Wave 3 and 4 -- Merged Data - Download All Files (34.718 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
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Study Description


Kaplan, George A. Alameda County [California] Health and Ways of Living Study, 1994 and 1995 Panels. ICPSR03083-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (5 R37 AG11375-03)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    activities of daily living, alcohol, chronic illnesses, community involvement, health behavior, health care services, independent living, living arrangements, mental health, older adults, physical condition, smoking, social behavior, social life, social networks

Geographic Coverage:    California, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1994
  • 1995

Date of Collection:   

  • 1994-03--1995-02
  • 1995-01--1996-12

Universe:    Households in Alameda County, California.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data from Part 1 can be linked with data from Part 2 by ID number.


Sample:    The first wave (1965) of this panel study used a stratified random sample of Alameda County households with noninstitutionalized residents aged 21 or older, or aged 16-21 and older if married.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires

Restrictions: This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited.


Original ICPSR Release:   2001-02-01

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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