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Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Addendum (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002 (ICPSR 13670) RSS

Alternate Title:  PHDCN DEMO, 2000-2002

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences. For primary caregivers included in Wave 3 but not in Wave 2, an addendum interview was administered consisting of measures or portions of measures from the Wave 2 interview. This included questions from PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): DEMOGRAPHIC FILE, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13609), PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): MY CHILD'S EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13619), PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): FAMILY SUICIDE INTERVIEW, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13623), PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13628), PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): HEALTH SCREEN, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13629), and PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): PRENATAL AND EARLY HEALTH, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13644). It was administered to primary caregivers in Cohorts 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12.

Series: Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series

Access Notes

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Cohort 0
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  Cohort 3
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  Cohort 6
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS4:  Cohort 9
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  Cohort 12
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

Earls, Felton J., Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Stephen W. Raudenbush, and Robert J. Sampson. Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Addendum (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002. ICPSR13670-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-03-02. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR13670.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau
  • United States Department of Education. Office of Educational Research and Improvement
  • Turner Foundation
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Child Care Bureau
  • Harris Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-K005)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   adolescents, adults, assault, caregivers, child development, childhood, demographic characteristics, emotional problems, ethnic identity, ethnicity, family histories, family relations, family relationships, family structure, family violence, health problems, health status, household composition, infants, neighborhoods, pediatrics, pregnancy, prenatal care, sexual assault, social behavior, suicide, threats, violence

Geographic Coverage:   Chicago, Illinois, United States

Time Period:  

  • 2000--2002

Date of Collection:  

  • 2000--2002

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Children, adolescents, young adults, and their primary caregivers, living in the city of Chicago in 1994.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The Murray Research Center conducted the initial data and documentation processing for this collection. (2) At present, only a restricted version of the data is available (see RESTRICTIONS field). A downloadable version of the data is slated to be available in the near future.

Methodology

Study Purpose:  

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods

The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. At the same time, the project provided a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors took place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources.

Longitudinal Cohort Study

One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. The age cohorts include birth (0), 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences.

Addendum (Primary Caregiver)

The data in this collection are from Wave 3 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was administered between 2000 and 2002. The data files contain information from the Addendum (Primary Caregiver) protocol. The Addendum (Primary Caregiver) instrument was administered to primary caregivers included in Wave 3 but not in Wave 2, and it consisted of measures or portions of measures from the Wave 2 interview.

Study Design:  

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods

The city of Chicago was selected as the research site for the PHDCN because of its extensive racial, ethnic, and social-class diversity. The project collapsed 847 census tracts in the city of Chicago into 343 neighborhood clusters (NCs) based upon seven groupings of racial/ethnic composition and three levels of socioeconomic status. The NCs were designed to be ecologically meaningful. They were composed of geographically contiguous census tracts, and geographic boundaries, and knowledge of Chicago's neighborhoods were considered in the definition of the NCs. Each NC was comprised of approximately 8,000 people.

Longitudinal Cohort Study

For the Longitudinal Cohort Study, a stratified probability sample of 80 neighborhoods was selected. The 80 NCs were sampled from the 21 strata (seven racial/ethnic groups by three socioeconomic levels) with the goal of representing the 21 cells as equally as possible to eliminate the confounding between racial/ethnic mix and socioeconomic status. Once the 80 NCs were chosen, then block groups were selected at random within each of the sample neighborhoods. A complete listing of dwelling units was collected for all sampled block groups. Pregnant women, children, and young adults in seven age cohorts (birth, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years) were identified through in-person screening of approximately 40,000 dwelling units within the 80 NCs. The screening response rate was 80 percent. Children within six months of the birthday that qualified them for the sample were selected for inclusion in the Longitudinal Cohort Study. A total of 8,347 participants were identified through the screening. Of the eligible study participants, 6,228 were interviewed in the Wave 1 data collection, 5,338 were interviewed in the Wave 2 data collection, and 4,850 were interviewed in the Wave 3 data collection.

Data collection for Wave 3 began in 2000 and ended in 2002. It included a letter sent to study participants notifying them that they would be contacted to schedule an interview. Additional information on the contact log included the dates and research assistant ID of the Wave 2 interview (or the status of the case if incomplete in Wave 2), a list of household composition and ID numbers of other household members in the study, the name the telephone was listed under, the recontact information from Waves 1 and 2, and an updated history of addresses.

For all cohorts except 0 and 18, primary caregivers as well as the child were interviewed. The primary caregiver was the person found to spend the most time taking care of the child. Separate research assistants administered the primary caregiver interviews and the child interviews. The primary method of data collection was face-to-face interviewing, although participants who refused to complete the personal interview were administered a phone interview. An abbreviated telephone interview was conducted for the primary caregivers in Cohorts 0-15 and Cohort 18 study participants in Wave 3 who lived outside the nine-county metropolitan area to which research assistants were able to travel for interviews. In Wave 3, phone interviews were also conducted with the study participants in Cohort 15. People who refused to complete the two-hour in-person interview were administered the phone interview. A total of 391 telephone interviews were conducted during Wave 3, representing 6.3 percent of the sample.

Proxy interviews were conducted with study participants who were emancipated minors (under 18 but married or living independently). The study participants answered questions from the primary caregiver's interview on the primary caregiver's behalf. In Wave 3, one primary caregiver and eleven study participants (young adults) were interviewed in jail. They were located in either the Cook County Jail or in one of the state prisons. Those study participants in a state system outside the nine-county area were also interviewed by phone. Study participants in foster care could not be interviewed. The Department of Children and Family Services did not allow interviews of the foster parent or the child. Permission was granted for a brief period in Wave 1, therefore there are some children in the sample who could not be followed up in Waves 2 and 3. Some children were not in foster care in Wave 1 but were placed in foster care by Wave 2 or 3. They were also not followed up. Lastly, some participants were interviewed in Wave 3 but not in Wave 2, as they were in foster care during Wave 2.

Some participants in Wave 1 spoke a language other than English, Spanish, or Polish. In Wave 3, an abbreviated version of the primary caregiver's protocol was administered, and the research assistant arranged for someone in the household to translate on the spot. In Wave 3, the complete protocol was translated into Spanish.

Depending on the age and wave of data collection, participants were paid between $5 and $20 per interview. Other incentives, such as free passes to museums, the aquarium, and monthly drawing prizes, were also included.

Interview protocols included a wide range of questions. For example, some questions assessed impulse control and sensation-seeking traits, cognitive and language development, leisure activities, delinquency and substance abuse, friends' activities, and self-perception, attitudes, and values. Caregivers were also interviewed about family structure, parent characteristics, parent-child relationships, parent discipline styles, family mental health, and family history of criminal behavior and drug use.

For primary caregivers included in Wave 3 but not in Wave 2, an addendum interview was administered consisting of measures or portions of measures from the Wave 2 interview. An addendum was also given to the Cohort 15 and 18 study participants who were not included in Wave 2. A total of 164 primary caregivers and 62 young adult (Cohorts 15 and 18) addendums were completed in Wave 3.

Addendum (Primary Caregiver)

This addendum collected information from an assortment of instruments that the primary caregiver had missed in Wave 2. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): DEMOGRAPHIC FILE, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13609), basic demographic information was collected regarding the subject, primary caregiver, subject's father, and the subject's mother. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): MY CHILD'S EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13619), information regarding the subject's lifetime exposure to violent events was obtained. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): FAMILY SUICIDE INTERVIEW, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13623), information was obtained regarding any members of the subject's family who had committed suicide. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13628), information was obtained regarding the composition of the subject's household, asking the respondent to provide information about each member of the household including age, gender, and relationship to the subject. Information for up to 17 possible individuals could have been listed for this part. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): HEALTH SCREEN, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13629), information was obtained regarding the general health condition of the subjects. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): PRENATAL AND EARLY HEALTH, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13644), information was obtained regarding the mother's pregnancy and delivery of the subject, as well as questions regarding the subject's early health.

Sample:   Stratified probability sample.

Weight:   none

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Description of Variables:   From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): DEMOGRAPHIC FILE, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13609), the data files contain information regarding the ethnicity of the subject, the primary caregiver, the subject's father, and the subject's mother. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): MY CHILD'S EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13619), the data files contain information regarding the subject's exposure to violent acts such as being chased or seeing someone else chased, being hit or seeing someone else hit, being attacked with a weapon or seeing someone else attacked with a weapon, being shot or seeing someone else get shot, being shot at or seeing someone else get shot at, hearing gunfire, being in a serious accident or seeing someone else get into a serious accident, seeing someone get killed, being sexually assaulted, being threatened with violence or seeing someone else get threatened by violence, finding a dead body, and being in a natural disaster. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): FAMILY SUICIDE INTERVIEW, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13623), the data files contain information regarding any members of the subject's family who have committed suicide including the person's relation to the subject, how the suicide was committed, and whether the family member received medical attention before dying. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13628), the data files contain variables listing the age, gender, and relationship to the subject of each member of the household. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): HEALTH SCREEN, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13629), the data files contain information regarding the general health condition of the subjects including whether the subject ever had any of a long list of conditions or diseases such as scoliosis, hepatitis, sickle cell anemia, or meningitis. Information was also collected pertaining to ways the subject may have been classified by a school or health professional such as learning disabled, physically handicapped, mentally retarded, etc. A number of questions were asked regarding services the subject may have ever received in or out of school. The services included such things as special education classes, physical therapy, tutoring, etc. From PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN): PRENATAL AND EARLY HEALTH, WAVE 2, 1997-2000 (ICPSR 13644), the data files include information relating to the mother's pregnancy and delivery of the subject, as well as questions regarding the subject's early health. Respondents were asked if the subject's mother received any prenatal care, whether there were medical problems during the pregnancy, and how many times the subject's mother was hospitalized while pregnant. If the respondent was the biological mother, she was asked whether she had wanted to become pregnant at that time, how many drinks of alcohol she had had while pregnant, how many cigarettes she had smoked while pregnant, and whether she had used drugs while pregnant. Respondents were asked about the timeliness of the subject's birth, how much weight the subject's mother gained during pregnancy, and whether the subject's mother had had serious problems with the delivery. There were also questions asking how long the mother and the subject had been in the hospital, whether the subject had had to go into the hospital overnight since first coming home from the hospital, and if so, for how long. There was also a series of questions regarding any ear infections the subject had had.

Response Rates:  

The overall response rate for Wave 3 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study was 78.19 percent or 4,850 participants. The response rates for subjects by cohort were:

  1. 76.0 percent for Cohort 0
  2. 80.5 percent for Cohort 3
  3. 80.2 percent for Cohort 6
  4. 77.5 percent for Cohort 9
  5. 74.9 percent for Cohort 12
  6. 71.3 percent for Cohort 15
  7. 67.4 percent for Cohort 18

The response rates for primary caregivers by cohort were:

  1. 76.6 percent for Cohort 0
  2. 81.3 percent for Cohort 3
  3. 80.6 percent for Cohort 6
  4. 79.0 percent for Cohort 9
  5. 79.1 percent for Cohort 12
  6. 77.0 percent for Cohort 15
  7. 0 percent for Cohort 18

Presence of Common Scales:   none

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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